Thursday, December 26, 2019

Brave New World and Dubliners - 1576 Words

Brave New World, written by Aldous Huxley, is a thought provoking novel set in a future of genetically engineered people, amazing technology and a misconstrued system of values. Dubliners, written by James Joyce, is a collection of short stories painting a picture of life in Dublin Ireland, near the turn of the 19th century. Though of two completely different settings and story lines, these two works can and will be compared and contrasted on the basis of the social concerns and issues raised within them. One of the first things stressed in Brave New World is the idea that there is no real discrimination. Though it is true that there is a class system, the classes are derived from the fact that people are genetically engineered†¦show more content†¦Especially if love can be defined as being comfortable and intimate with someone who accepts one for who they are and all they stand for. If that were the case then in Brave New World, in a convoluted way, every single pers on, in belonging to everyone else, also loves everyone else. But as love can not be defined so simply, this is not true. The absence of love in Huxley#8217;s novel is most obviously deliberate, just as the inclusion of love in certain pieces in Dubliners is intentional. The reason it appears obvious is that Huxley goes to great lengths to describe his world in great detail and yet does not mention love as a part of it. The reason love is brought to bear as a social issue is that without it, imagine how bland things would be. For example, fine art would have no passion, literature would contain no romance, music would be lifeless without the soul behind it. All these things and more make love a thing of huge importance in life. Michael Furey, in #8220;The Dead#8221; would not have had The Lass of Aughrim to sing, the narrator of #8220;Araby#8221; would have had no reason to go to the bazaar, in fact, many of the stories within Dubliners may never have been written. Love also pl ays a large role in family. Within Dubliners, family is an important factor in various stories. One such story is #8220;Eveline#8221;. Though it is true that in this situation, the family described may not be a precisely happy one, it is a familyShow MoreRelatedPlay Analysis : Play Dubliners 1187 Words   |  5 PagesEnglish 4441 August 21st 2014 Scoring Joyce: The Role of Music in James’ Dubliners Walter Pater pointed out that â€Å"[a]ll arts constantly aspires towards the condition of music† (page number!) in his book The Renaissance. Indeed, music crosses the language barrier and truly conveys the emotion to the audience; it has a powerful appeal to people. While literature, especially the realism literature rationally depicts the real world. The combination of music and literature is the perfect combination ofRead MoreSymbolism Used in James Joyces Dubliners2126 Words   |  9 PagesIn these stories, titled Dubliners, Joyce uses symbolism not only to enhance the stories, but to also show the hidden, underlying message of each story without coming out and saying it directly. Joyce’s stories are centered on the problems of Dublin and through his use of symbolism Joyce is able to focus attention on what problem each story is addressing. James Joyce, author of Dubliners, uses symbolism effectively to enhance the stories. The first story in Dubliners deals with the problems ofRead MoreThe Easter Rising of 1916 Essay1478 Words   |  6 Pageshand did not want home rule if it meant that their culture and tradition was to be submerged into a catholic state. Before the English could impose more laws on the Irish, another event occurred which would have massive impact - World War 1. This was the opportunity the I.R.B had been waiting for. They decided that another armed resistance should occur before the end of the War, believing that as most of the English army would be involved in the fighting in mainlandRead MoreDubliners By James Joyce : Summary2065 Words   |  9 PagesElana Sanguigni Period 3-Honors English May 9, 2016 Quarter 4 RRJ Dubliners By: James Joyce SUMMARY—ENTRY NO. 1 PAGE/SCREEN 8 TO PAGE/SCREEN 15 (â€Å"An Encounter†) Joe Dillon is a boy, who introduced the Wild West. He has a library of Wild West stories, and every evening after school the boys would meet in the back garden and pretend they were Indians. Joe and his brother, Leo, would fight hard. The other boys never won a battle. Every morning, at eight-o’-clock, Joe’s parents would go to churchRead MoreModernist Elements in the Hollow Men7051 Words   |  29 PagesIntroduction: THIS IS THE WAY THE WORLD ENDS THIS IS THE WAY THE WORLD ENDS THIS IS THE WAY THE WORLD ENDS NOT WITH A BANG BUT A WHIMPER T.S.Eliot, The Hollow Men (95-98). The end of The Hollow Men can only be the beginning of a deep and long reflection for thoughtful readers. T.S. Eliot, who always believed that in his end is his beginning, died and left his verse full of hidden messages to be understood, and codes to be deciphered. It is this complexity, which is at the heart of modernismRead MoreThe taste of melon by borden deal11847 Words   |  48 PagesThe moon floated up into the sky, making everything almost as bright as day, but at the same time softer and gentler than ever daylight could be. It was the kind of night when you feel as though you can do any132 Look Closely thing in the world, even boldly asking Willadean Wills for a date. On a night like that, you couldn’t help but feel that she’d gladly accept. â€Å"Boy, what a moon!† J.D. said when I met them. â€Å"Wouldn’t you like to take old Willadean out on a night like this?† Freddy

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

JIT Manufacturing and Inventory Control System Essay

JIT Manufacturing and Inventory Control System Since the dawn of human existence evolution in all sectors of society has occurred due to Economic factors. This has mainly happened due to the fact that all technological achievements have occurred in favor of money. Specifically we can admit that Economy is the main reason for growth and development. By these means it is in our interest to establish strong economies either as societies (macroeconomics) or as individuals (microeconomics). For these reasons several techniques and methods have been initiated in order help modern individuals to develop. Such techniques are usually Accounting or†¦show more content†¦By these means the company is never overstocked and that has as an affect that the company will never have a liquidity problem since assets as stock of goods are smaller and cash is bigger. Another reason for this to happen is the fact that Just in time manufacturing is a philosophy of eliminating non value added activities and increasing product quality throughout the manufacturing process (Meigs, Bettner, p. 804). But how can we control if our Just in time manufacturing system is efficient? The answer to that is given by Meigs and Bettner : A widely used measure of efficiency in a Just in time system is the Manufacturing Efficiency ratio (p. 805). This ratio is given by the Value Added Activities time over the Cycle time. The cycle time is the time of processing, storing, moving and inspecting that is spent on the material before their usage. If the ratio is equal to one then we have the perfect Manufacturing efficiency ratio. This means that the smaller the number the less efficient is our Just in Time manufacturing method and the larger are the Value added activities. Finally we can conclude that if we perform the Just inShow MoreRelated JIT manufacturing and inventory control system Essay1053 Words   |  5 PagesJIT Just-in-time production is considered to be on the leading edge of technological advancement. With improvements in the virtually every industry, maintaining an effective production line while minimizing inventory costs is a very feasible option. Just-in-time systems are designed to keep inventory costs at a minimum, unlike the ways of old, with large warehouses loaded with back inventory. With technology allowing instantaneous communication around the world, production lines and stores doRead MoreNotes On Jit Inventory Systems Essay1666 Words   |  7 Pagesintroduced during the 1950s and 1960s that has the characteristics of a pull system, meaning required inventory is only produced or used when demand is â€Å"pulling† to do so. After the inventory is used up, only what is needed to replace what has been used is manufactured. Because goods are only produced to keep up with demand, there is minimal inventory which can cause a reduction in overhead and an increase in respon siveness. JIT systems are based on the pull concept rather than the push concept, where productsRead MoreJit And Its Effect On The Manufacturing Industry1081 Words   |  5 Pages Just-In-Time (JIT), will be examined. The historical background of JIT and its impact on the manufacturing industry will also be discussed. An important highlight of this paper will be the discussion of push versus pull and how it relates to JIT. Lean manufacturing and its relation to JIT will also be addressed. Finally, the relationship between JIT and a Kanban manufacturing system will be highlighted. Information from scholarly research will be utilized to determine whether JIT can be implementedRead MoreAlternative Terms For Jit Manufacturing Essay1458 Words   |  6 PagesJust-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, also known as just-in-time production or the Toyota production system (TPS), is a methodology aimed primarily at reducing flow times within production system as well as response times from supplier s and to customers. Following its origin and development in Japan, largely in the 1960s and 1970s and particularly at Toyota.[1][2] Alternative terms for JIT manufacturing have been used. Motorola s choice was short-cycle manufacturing (SCM).[3][4] IBM s was continuous-flowRead MoreA Brief Note On Jit And Its Effect On How Business Is A World Leader Of Development And Production849 Words   |  4 PagesEvery company, firm, or organization has a need to know and understand how to plan for production and the inventory needed to sustain it. During the reconstruction following World War Two an atmosphere was present that enabled pioneering minds just as Deming to institute several industrial theories into practice. Having embraced the concepts whole heartedly, these theories enabled post war Japan to become a world leader in development and production. According to Evans Lindsay (2010), theseRead MoreJit : An Inventory Strategy1177 Words   |  5 PagesDEFINITION of Just In Time - JIT An inventory strategy companies employ to increase efficiency and decrease waste by receiving goods only as they are needed in the production process, thereby reducing inventory costs. This method requires that producers are able to accurately forecast demand. INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS Just In Time - JIT A good example would be a car manufacturer that operates with very low inventory levels, relying on their supply chain to deliver the parts they need to buildRead MoreThe Human Nature Of Human Beings1105 Words   |  5 Pagescreation in manufacturing industries has been the just-in-time theory, which is a production system responsible to identify problems in the value chain and to work and analyze these problems to reduce the waste with overproduction, delays in the production schedule and increasing the production (Cheng, 1996). There are a quite number of benefits of employing just in time in a production line that influence at the goods` final quality, time and the company’s profit. Employing just-in-time (JIT) in industriesRead MoreA Comparison For Variable Cost And Absorption Costing990 Words   |  4 Pagescosting using Sales: 60,000 units Production: 80,000 units Ending Inventory: 20,000 units Based on these analyses I have made several recommendations along with pros and cons to aid in the decision-making process. I recommend that we use absorption costing over variable costing. Absorption costing is a method where â€Å"†¦fixed manufacturing costs are inventoriable costs† (Datar, et al, 2009). That is, inventory â€Å"absorbs† all manufacturing costs. In the absorption metho there does not need to be a distinctionRead MoreCustomer Relationship Management ( Crm )1359 Words   |  6 PagesERP systems bring together all aspects of operations and supply chain management, from raw materials to customer relationship management (CRM). Electronics retailer Best Buy found that the use of demand management tools increased price optimization, which in turn increased inventory turns by 50% (Blanchard, 2010). Other tools, like benchmarking, are also immensely valuable as automobile manufacturer Hyundai discovered. The company found that fill rate, the percentage of customer demand satisfiedRead MoreJust in Time1644 Words   |  7 Pagesan analysis and evaluation of the Just-In-Tim e system, the advantages and disadvantages of the system and how it would benefit AG Z. The Just-In-Time (JIT) system is a process where goods are ordered as required, as opposed to the currently used batch processing system where goods are made in bulk and stored in warehouses until sold. The Just-In-Time system was initially developed to not only cut down the amount of waste produced by other systems, which was seen as incurring unnecessary costs

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Digitizing Practices and Systems †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Digitizing Practices and Systems. Answer: Introduction: One more function that can help the management in taking decisions in a case like this, will be to make use of efficient BI tools, that will store the details about all the employees, a calculate the wages that must be paid on the basis of the specific details that are provided by the management. It will help in proper sorting of the employees as per the specific level of demands and in case there is any abnormality it can send alert to the management. That will ensure that the management is able to make profitable decisions by paying only what is needed. It will also help in taking the cessions fast and without any errors(Arnott, et al., 2017). 4b) In case the ABC contractors Ltd are going to hire all the employees that are above and at level 4, the company will calculate the total amount of wages that the company will be required to pay the workers will be charged from the contractors and the classification of the same is shown below under. There are total six employees of the company who fall under this category with different wage rates. The total calculation is shown below. name level wage rate no of hours worked overtime hour total amount to be paid Paris Hilton 5 70 45 9 3330 Ricky mortini 4 60 52 16 3600 Jennifer lopeez 6 80 36 2880 Russel Creak 6 80 34 2720 Rafael Nooderly 4 60 44 8 2880 Kath Hudson 6 80 52 16 4320 19730 Over the years we have seen a shift in the overall process of business intelligence. From being an integral part of the IT department, it has moved to the business. It is no more related to the use of IT companies and has shifted from being an IT burden to an important part of the business. This trend is going to rise in the coming years, given that the companies have been able to develop self service business tools and has led to an increase in the overall data. Experts have commented that the business analytics is the final year where it is moving from the IT department, used only by the IT companies to more persuasive business use, business led analytics of service. The organization of the modern world, will continue to use these business intelligence tools, that are very fast, agile, easy to use and can be customized as per the need of the business. It helps to create the overall enterprise value from the use of diverse data sources(Visinescu, et al., 2017). That is the growing t rend of the use of the business intelligence tools. More and more companies are switching to BI tools rather for development. The major five biggest growing trends in this arena of business intelligence tools are - Growth in the demand of self service BI tools, that are less governed. Though lack of governance might lead to a lot of inconsistencies, however it helps the business to grow by giving the power in the hands of the user. There has been a growth in the predictive analytics, where instead of commenting and making useful use of the past data, the companies are now trying to use the tools of BI to comment and predict the future scenarios that will help them I taking important decisions with regard to the business. There has been constant flow of growth in the data, as the generation has become internet savvy, with the attachment of the physical data to the World Wide Web, the flow of data is constant and thus it gives the companies to churn out their requirements from the palpable sources that they might find on the internet(Kohtamki, 2017). Previously BI tools where there only to identify the changes in the overall data flow, it only led to data calculation and storing it. But now with the advent to technology, it can predict any abnormal changes in the data that is stored, anything that is contrary from the regular is caught by the BI tools, and an alarm is sent to the management. There has been a growth in the purpose built BI tools, where the companies can customize these tools as per needs. A single platform previously was designed to carter to the needs of all the companies but with time we see that may not be useful for many companies. Hence the trend of custom built BI tools has been designed that will be helpful for the success of the organization Two features of commonly used business intelligence tools that can help in decision making are- The commonly used business intelligence tools like Sisense, DOMO, BIRT etc, are very fast and capable to churn and store large amount of data at the same time. This helps the managers in data processing, and sooner the data will be processed the companies can make better use of the same. It reduces the need of manual labor and since everything is system generated there are very low of chances of error in the same. Thus it eventually helps the management in taking important decisions with regard to the data that is processed(Trieu, 2017). Nowadays apart from storing the data and processing it, the BI tools can easily recognize if there are any errors and send alarms to the management. For example, if the purchase number has an unnatural decline over a particular week than the system will catch the same and send an alert to the management. Anything that is against the routine matter and that involve any kind of suspicion, is caught by the system thus that will helping avoiding a lot of errors. The companies will be able to important decisions on the basis of these tools, without any hesitations(Laursen Thorlund, 2016) Refrences Arnott, D., Lizama, F. Song, Y., 2017. Patterns of business intelligence systems use in organizations. Decision Support Systems, Volume 97, pp. 58-68. Kohtamki, M., 2017. Real-time Strategy and Business Intelligence: Digitizing Practices and Systems. Finland: Palgrave Macmillan. Laursen, G. Thorlund, J., 2016. Business Analytics for Managers: Taking Business Intelligence Beyond Reporting. Second ed. CANADA: Wiley Publisher. Trieu, V., 2017. Getting value from Business Intelligence systems: A review and research agenda. Decision Support Systems, Volume 93, pp. 111-124. Visinescu, L., Jones, M. Sidorova, A., 2017. Improving Decision Quality: The Role of Business Intelligence. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), pp. 58-66.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Looking At The Developmenst Of Social Work Social Work Essay Example

Looking At The Developmenst Of Social Work Social Work Essay Social work has been socially constructed as a response to personal, cultural and structural crisis, marginalization and inequality, yet constrained by political, economic and social tendencies. Contemporary pattern has maintained and rejected certain features of its promotion, reacting and accommodating to alter. The profession s theoretical, ethical and structural foundations will be discussed and its values examined. Associating the profession s historical minutes and varied development to societal work s modern-day function, its current place and position, professionally and socially. As societies continue to germinate so must societal work to back uping them, staying antiphonal to those it serves. It is acknowledged that merely certain issues have been discussed ; those presented are non additive nor finite but many-sided and go oning. Industrialization created the mass urbanization of unskilled labor bring forthing societal and economic alteration. Concerns arose over the sustainability of poorness alleviation, prompted by the fright of dependence, societal upset and increasing birth rates. Poor wellness, corruption and marginalization within the working categories was emphasised by spiritual diminution and renferement, provoked moral terror within the higher categories, promoting societal alteration ( Payne, 2005 ) . Simultaneously, broad economic values, prioritizing economic growing and free trade, advancing individualistic values of freedom and duty, conflicted with unregulated province intercession, ( Healy, 2005 ) . The New Poor Law ( 1834 ) embodied the limitation and modernization of alleviation commissariats, implemented by workhouses, which enforced tough alleviation eligibility standards, coupled with harsh and oppressive conditions, actuating self -help in-line with lassize faire political orientation. Relief distinguished between the deserving and the unworthy hapless, those in true need through sick wellness, age or circumstance were treated good in comparing to, the work shy and lazy who exchanged labor for alleviation. The rule of caring developed in workhouses, establishments turned into suppliers of attention and their employees into paid societal work professionals ( Payne, 2005, pp. 330-35 ) . Within the hapless jurisprudence political orientation societal work evolved as a tool to specify the deserving, workhouses developed into specialised attention establishments whilst their financial construction underpinned province provided services. In add-on and contrast, philanthropic almsgiving was indiscriminate, supplying charitable alleviation analogue to the hapless Torahs. We will write a custom essay sample on Looking At The Developmenst Of Social Work Social Work specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Looking At The Developmenst Of Social Work Social Work specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Looking At The Developmenst Of Social Work Social Work specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Philanthropy ran parallel to hapless jurisprudence alleviation, supported by spiritual morality, fright and responsibility, though manipulated to avoid workhouse conditions, ( Stedman-Jones, 1976 as cited in Harris, 2008 ) . The formation of the Charitable Organisation Society ( COS ) ( 1969 ) provided counsel and rules, foregrounding cognition as a footing to charitable action. The COS believed disorganized and unselective charity encouraged corruption, doing aˆÂ ¦the pauperization of the hapless, ( Payne, 2005 ) bring forthing impermanent alleviation and dependence. Perceiving, charity dignified the giver and enhanced the morality of the receiving system if deserving, yet, if unworthy provided encouragement to stay in poorness. To be beneficent, charity should help adequately i.e. so as to bring forth self assist in the receiver ( Horner, 2009, p. 22 ) . Within modern-day pattern, appraisals define eligibility ; resources are trade goods and the differentiation of demand i mportant to prosecute with services. The COS believed poorness was the accelerator of immorality, offense, bad fortunes and the beginning of physical and mental wellness impositions, impacting persons and society. Consequently, they associated the development of moral character , with the obliteration of poorness, locating regulated charity within the model of the province alleviation system. Guaranting a clear division between the Poor Law and private philanthropic gift was intended to let the former to run harshly and efficaciously ( Yeo, 1973 as cited in Harris 2008, p.665 ) . However, the values and moral principle of the COS, bestowed by the occupational values of its associates, shaped professional methods and patterns. Casework emerged within The Housing Movement aimed to better lodging conditions, helping adult females to budget and organise, achieved by friend sing , developed by Olivia Hill ( COS ) . Awarding support based on moral character, determine by appraisal, which recorded elaborate histories and maintained comprehensive records. Casework evolved, admiting the impact of household relationships, utilizing friendly sing to organize professional interpersonal relationships and later developing attention programs to react to appraisals, to boot supplying preparation. The COS influenced the foundations of pattern, developing values and determining modern-day societal work. Payne ( 2005 ) highlighted the importance of the colony motion in act uponing societal reform and surveillance. Toynbee Hall ( 1884 ) placed elect pupils within deprived vicinities exemplifying moral and educated behavior, societal teaching method, community and group work. Concentrating on external and environmental caus es of want, associating to wellness issues associated with poorness. However, political involvement in societal order and support demand, intend political influence emerged, emanating a degree of control which divided the emerging profession of societal work into attention and control functions. However, where charity did non develop and societal order was threatened the province stepped in, ( Payne, 2005 ) . Reamer 2005 ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009 ) regarded this as the Morality Period , outstanding values were those of faith and individuality, from the COS s evangelical roots and pattern methods. Emerging societal work judged clients against alleviation, positions of morality and behavior justified their actions, yet influenced by political motive for societal reform ( Younghusband 1981 cited in Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009 ) .These patterns and values moulded the profession of societal work to its inclusion with province proviso after WWII. In the twentieth century proviso remained unchanged and undisputed yet, poorness was identified as the catalyst/cause of diverse societal issues and as a response discourse evolved. The in agreement thesis was the obliteration of poorness that would take to the obliteration or at least the decrease -in the effects of societal ailments. ( Horner, 2009, p. 23 ) . The Royal Commission on the Poor Law ( 1905-9 ) considered opposing broad and socialist discourses refering public assistance provision. Two contrasting philosophical attacks to the job of poorness ( Vincent, 1984, p. 346 ) The COS maintained broad Victorian positions, backing hapless jurisprudence alleviation though necessitating reform and advancing single duty, whilst supplying parallel proviso for excluded groups. However, challenging province led intercessions that maintained poorness and created dependance. The COS proposal had similarities to New Labour s third manner , though, the opposing Fabians provided the fo oting of the labor party ( Horner, 2009 ) . Fabians represented the socialist in-between categories, backing the hapless jurisprudence permutation of public aid through province led services. They acknowledged the causes of poorness, suggesting the categorization of depravational differences, i.e. age, wellness and employment, which placed societal workers as hatchet mans of control, to the work shy and lazy. Fabian laminitis Beatrice Webb, ( cited in Vincent, 1984, p. 344 ) stated the COS were lassie faire individualists critical of all authorities extension . Social work developed from the COS patterns within the context and restraints of Fabian ideals, which reflected modern thoughts of poorness organizing the footing of the public assistance province. State public assistance, during WWII, intervened where charities failed to supply alleviation, ( Harris, 2008 ) , the station war depression highlighted probationary weaknesss and the demand for societal restructuring, renovation and stabilization , ( Payne, 2005, pp. 24-30 ) . The Beveridge Report ( 1942 ) developed province public assistance, highlighted social barriers in five societal immoralities ; sloth, ignorance, illness, sordidness and want ( Payne, 2005 ) . However, the response to the study produced socialist ideals and societal security proviso, the focal point of developments was in corporate societal commissariats such as societal security, wellness attention and cosmopolitan instruction ( Payne, 2005, pp. 41-46 ) . Labor gained electoral success in 1945 backing the recommendations in the formation of the NHS ( National Health Act 1946 ) and abolition of the hapless jurisprudence ( 1948 ) . However, in-between category agitation due to continued proviso of charitabl e alleviation meant that province public assistance besides served to forestall revolution. Simultaneously to welfare, societal work developed a specialized function. mediate the province and the person, defined by statute law and demand and supported by theory. Social work had strived for professional intent from its spiritual and theoretical beginnings, whilst associated subjects gained scientific legitimacy. Mary Richmond ( 1917 ) , a societal work pedagogue, enabled theoretical development utilizing sociological and economical positions, besides taking influences from the medical profession, critiqued subsequently by extremist societal work. ( Healy, 2005 ) Social work turned to psychological theories to derive insight into persons behavior, aˆÂ ¦shall seek to understand the individual in demand, non merely at that peculiar minute in clip, but besides the spouse of personality, the major experiences and relationshipsaˆÂ ¦ . ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009, pp. 206-11 ) . Correlating with the promotion of appraisal, which began to see a societal diagnosing , ( Richmond 1917 cited in Wilson, Ruch, Lymbery, A ; Cooper, 2008, pp.194-99 ) , supplying scientific proof that with casework united the profession. In 1930-60 ps ychodynamics wedged casework, constructs of usually and aberrance complemented the ethos of specifying moral character ( Payne, 2005 ) . However, the COS s positions lost relevancy to societal plants aims, within pattern and the bid of societal policy. Social works relationship with psychological science influenced theory, statute law and societal planning, ( Horner, 2009 ) . Whilst socio-economics and political relations structured and supported individualistic values prominent within theory, making legalization that gave societal work a cardinal function within public assistance. Renewed societal policies and reform, allowed the promotion of societal work methods and values, back uping the creative activity of public assistance. The important component that defined societal work from other signifiers of public assistance was its developing methods and its policy and theoretical aspirations and peculiarity, ( Payne, 2005, pp. 583-88 ) . Social plant was a station book to the new public assistance government, yet specifying its function. In the 1960s discontent and credibleness issues within psychological science and depth psychology shifted thought towards the societal concerns of service users, spliting support between psychological and societal theories. However, Florence Hollis acknowledged the many-sided demands of pattern, join forcesing societal scientific disciplines and casework making psychosocial theories, ( Healy, 2005 ) . Additionally, systems theory became outstanding in developing brief intercessions ; crisis intercession, task-centred casework and cognitive behavioral therapies, still implemented in the interpersonal and multidisciplinary contexts of modern-day societal work. However, criticised for avoiding long-run issues and doing societal exclusion. Wider societal factors developed the values base, underscoring the importance of power, inequality and societal justness yet traditional values did non see the wider structural and cultural context act uponing societal work intervention.. Reamer ( 2005 ) considered station war to be the Values Period , traditional societal work values underpinned interpersonal methods, embodied by Biestek s seven point scheme ( 1961 ) , ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009 ) . The list attack , ( Timms 1983 cited in Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009, pp. 119-23 ) , of Biesek elaborate features, meaning a cosmopolitan lower limit for effectual pattern, normally sharing a regard for the single individual as a ego determined being ( Banks, 2006, p. 27 ) . To deny traditional values was unethical and oppressive holding negative effects yet conflicting values were non admiting. Individuality and self-government, enabled understanding and respect yet rejected shared societal norms, premises and stereotypes and the influence of structural power dealingss and societal establishments that identified the commonalty of groups and indicated inequality. Additionally, the public assistance province challenged societal work to travel from its individualistic beginning, advancing human rights within societal issues. Extremist societal work challenged social positions, placing societal inequality as a factor of poorness, created by societal concepts instead than personal features. ( Healy, 2005 ) . Extremist concerns re-alliterated category focused subjugation, identified during the colony motion, act uponing values and socio-economic disadvantage. Social work reflected feminist and anti-racist societal motions, integrating anti-oppressive and anti-discriminatory values in pattern and societal policy. However, statute law intended to act upon inequality failed to place the causing of favoritism, yet, supported societal workers to dispute elements of societal control ( Thompson N. , 2006 ) . The extremist con instance pronunciamento ( 1975 ) emphasised structural, economic and political factors demoing the bounds of individualistic focal point, ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009 ) . As societal work s specialized functions expanded execution became confused decreasing quality and co-ordination, yet societal public assistance needed a incorporate attack to services. ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009 ) . The Seebohm Committee ( 1968 ) highlighted rigidness within pattern, resource restraints, freak out and unequal preparation and instruction. Yet, reacting with inclusiveness and cosmopolitan proviso, concentrating on the support and fusion of services, whilst, turn toing the ineffectualness of service application. The study wanted a community based household orientated service which was available to all ( Parsons, 2009. Feb 14 ( 1 ) ) , alining societal work within the cardinal dimension of the public assistance province. The Local Authority Social Services Bill ( 1970 ) implemented the Seebohm recommendations, societal service sections became accountable to local communities prioritizing their human rights and wellbeing, disputing the built-in stigmatising o f the hapless Torahs whilst back uping professional preparation within a generic and incorporate service. Seebohm saw societal work, public assistance, community and groups work as every bit valid and of import. Legislative models influenced the context of pattern and back uping considerable professional discretion exercised by the societal worker. ( Harris, 1998 ) . However, generic services overlooked clients specializer demands and professional strived to be specialist due to authorization and wage, the model argument of continues in modern-day pattern. In seeking to retain a sense of control over their pattern, many staff adopted an informal specializer function within purportedly generic construction Satyamurti 1981ascited in ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009, pp. 310-17 ) Reamer ( 2005 ) considered this the ethical theory and determination devising period ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009, pp. 122-25 ) of value development, based on philosopher Kant. Challenging the relevancy, importance and application of values, whilst, critically developing moral rules to advance behavior. Using individualistic values yet, admiting structural barriers making anti-oppressive pattern, holistic to the clients context and ego. The station Seebohm period provided societal work optimism and integrity, cardinal to policy reform and proviso, yet alteration continued. The new right political orientation incorporated extremist societal plants point of view, these critical positions were appropriated by rightist minds and became edifice blocks for the New Right s docket for societal work ( Harris, 2008, p. 271 ) . However, uncertainnesss over generic function and the co-ordination of incorporate services, coupled with negative media coverage of specific kid maltreatment incidences created concern. The elected Conservative authorities ( 1979 ) criticised the public assistance province s enlargement, morality, quality and cost represented by societal work, ( Harris, 2008 ) . The new right thesis was implemented in the Barclay study ( 1982 ) critically reexamining societal plants purpose, spread outing remit and effectual utilizations, in association with public assistance committednesss. Proposing suited funct ions and contexts ; the safety net attack focussed societal work on eligibility, distinguishing the deserving, welfare province attack mirrored station war public assistance public aid. However, the preferable community attack promoted interpersonal support webs, placing societal work proviso and back uping accomplishment instead than dependence. Social work lost its cardinal function in the new enterprises, traveling in-line with the new right. However, modernization and specialization replaced the community attack after the Community Care Reform, making separate kid, household and grownup services. ( Harris, 2008 ) Neo-liberalism and the general understanding on trades and services opened up the denationalization, the province ruled by administration, replacing hierarchy with partnership. Global mutuality enables partnership on the macro degree, nevertheless, act uponing or restraining authorities actions and policies, impacting local resources at the micro degree. The planetary pecuniary fund supports systems of denationalization, legalizing public assistance reform and set uping province authorization. Neo liberalism is the political response in a hazard society, concentrating on individualistic duty and emphasises societal inequality, backed by province socialism and a deficiency of options. ( Ferguson, Lavalette, A ; Whitmore, 2005 ) . However, societal work is planetary activity, the International Association of Schools of Social Work ( IASSW ) has been involved with the United Nations since 1947, instrumental in Universal Declaration of Human Rights ( 1948 ) . Globalization supports the exchange of theories, research and ends, motivating charities intercession at planetary times of crisis, subjugation and catastrophe. The International Federation of Social Works ( IFSW ) and the International Council on Social Welfare ( ICSW ) have formed planetary policies protecting the vulnerable. Yet, standardization without cultural context creates societal work as an oppressor with globalization as a accelerator of societal reform. Neo-liberal positions supported welfare modernization, turn toing economic concerns, modulating hazard and consumer driven markets, epitomised by marketization and managerialization. ( Harris, 2008, p. 673 ) Marketisation opened services to market forces, with local governments going commissioners of a assorted economic system of attention. The modernization docket promoted common appraisal models, multidisciplinary work and partnerships making a web society, integrating shared and conflicting values spread outing the cognition base. The province became an enabler of chance, taking barriers and rejecting cosmopolitan purposes. Though denationalization aimed to additions quality and scope of attention, it became a go-between between authorities, policy and societal demands, motivated by net income instead than public assistance. ( Adams, Domenelli, A ; Payne, 2009 ) Contracts enabled the control of resorts and outlooks compressing pattern New labor embodied the new right political orientation in contrast to its station war thoughts, modernization docket continued across parties with New Labour s 3rd manner doctrine . Perceived weaknesss in traditional direction created a new public direction underscoring concern ideals. Policy and political relations prioritised efficiency and effectivity as a response to modern society. Independent budgets changed clients to independent clients in a societal attention endeavor. Professional opinion was replaced with answerability, analysis and ordinance making an audit development, increased bureaucratism and compromising good pattern and values. Social policy supported and directed societal work nevertheless simplifying society s complexnesss making unintended effects underscoring hazard direction. Modernization has constrained and standardised pattern, adding direction of resources to societal work pattern. However, the Best values model ( 2000 ) ensures that cost and productive ness is non provided over quality. Yet, Labours Third manner was criticised for the mean of accomplishing instead than its purposes. Social alterations such as the impact of Globalisation, hazard engineerings and the growing of corporate Capitalism produce conditions of profound uncertainness which impact on moralss and political relations ( Webb, 2006, p. 201 ) ( CCETSW ) study outlined competency and outlooks of societal workers, organizing the foundation of the General Social Care Council ( GSCC ) codifications of pattern and national occupational criterions. the GSCC societal work Regulatation began from The attention criterions attention act ( 2000 ) , portion of an intergrated system designed to keep service, instruction and professional quality ( Horner, 2009 ) supplying managerial supervising, modulating preparation and development and detailing outlooks, accomplishments and values required within societal policy and service related to modern-day societal work. ( Thompson N. , 2009 ) . GSCC ( 2005 ) produced revised frame work for instruction societal work making a protected and registered business implementing independent pattern criterions making answerability, back uping transparence and admiting unethical pattern with de-registration. However It is unrealistic to believe that a set of regulations and process will guarantee ethic al pattern ( Thompson N. , 2009 )

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

The Blair Witch Project Essays

The Blair Witch Project Essays The Blair Witch Project Essay The Blair Witch Project Essay Essay Topic: Film , The Blair Witch Project can be said to be a landmark in the history of the horror film. It introduced a new kind of horror, as it gave us the story of real people in real situation filming real events. This had not been done before, and it scared people in a completely different way than previous horror films. It brought back the audience screams that came about during screenings of Alfred Hitchcocks Psycho (1960.) It is said that people watching The Blair Witch Project were vomiting and passing out during the screening. For the first time in a horror film, the entire film was filmed on hand held camera. This added extraordinary realism to the film as there was no script, only scene direction. Even more strangely, the actors in the film did all the filming themselves, which was totally unheard of until this film was released. Again, this can be seen as disturbing for the viewer as the aspect of realism is even more evident. The Blair Witch Project was an independent film produced by Eduardo Sanchez and Daniel Myrick. The story revolves around three film students filming a documentary on the myth of The Blair Witch. Subsequently, they disapeer whilst filming the documentary, and the footage they filmed was found a year later in a duffel bag also containing empty film cans, and personal items. This footage is what is shown in the film. The Blair Witch Project was created extremely well as Sanchez and Myrick only had a budget of $25,000 and eight days to film, using low cost 16mm black and white film. On the closing day of the film at cinemas across the globe, the film had taken an estimated $140,000,000. Making it the most successful film of its kind. Sanchez and Myrick chose not to use a script, but to intentionally scare their actors, and film what reactions they received. It is said that on one night of filming, when the actors were asleep in their tent, Sanchez and Myrick went up to the tent and played a recording of children screaming and crying and banged the sides ofd the tent in. the reaction of the actors is great. They get out of the tent and run off into the woods screaming and shouting. This is just one example of how Sanchez and Myrick developed a new kind of filming. Even more cleverly, a website was set up in 1998, which included TV reports of three missing film students in the woods near to Burketsville, interviews with the family of the students, aswell as with members of the search party sent out to look for them. Scientific analysts were also interviewed. They gave their views on what was found in the duffel bag. Photographs of the students and places they visited can also be seen on the website. Even posters were put up around the USA informing people of the students disappearance . Although the town of Burketsville is fictional, the town that was used for filming has received thousands of visitors thanks to the success of The Blair Witch Project .All of the above made people believe that the film was true and that three students had actually gone missing. This website received over 50,000,000 hits even before the film had been released. As, you can expect, with all the hype surrounding the film, a large amount of money was taken on the films opening weekend. $1,500,000 to be exact. The actors used in the film used their real names to add realism to the story. If they had been given false names then the USA might not have believed the story to be true. According to the website The Blair Witch Project is the scariest film ever produced. They claim that because the film plays with your mind, you are more likely to be effected by it rather than if it was a film with lots of blood and gore content. They also go on to say that because many boy scouts and families go camping in the woods, it has an unbelievable effect on the USA. As, the film is filmed in a real environment, such boy scouts and families have visited such places and this helps the reality of the film to hit home hard. The Blair Witch Project can be said to have re-invented the horror genre as it can be held responsible for the rise in audience figures for horror films post Blair Witch Project. E.g. Freddy Vs Jason has just been knocked of the top of the box office chart after a month at the top. So, who knows what the future holds for horror? I anticipate that more experimental films will be produced following the success of The Blair Witch Project, helping to keep the genre alive and as strong as ever.

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Tips for Writing a Classification Essay

Tips for Writing a Classification Essay Tips for Writing a Classification Essay A classification essay sorts details into categories using a single organizing principle. Each category provides examples and research to support your thesis. Writing an Effective Classification Essay Select your categories and make sure to examine the full breadth of the topic. Be thorough and include every important category, but don’t overdo it (i.e. adding categories that are not germane or pertinent to your subject). Use a single organizing principle to classify. Then sort your groups. Provide examples. Plan to provide the same number of examples for each category. Save your most important category for last, and, if necessary, give additional information for that one. When writing your classification essay, select resources with recently-published (within the last seven years) research. You might occasionally stumble on a resource providing timeless information on your subject, but be selective. An Example: Globalization Say you wish to write a classification essay on the topic of globalization. Read and cite studies published in peer-reviewed journals, and consider providing the following categories in your essay: Globalization’s impact on world aid and trade policies Expanded job opportunities (especially for women) due to globalization How globalization has impacted your country Current events throughout the world can also provide information related to globalization. An article about the World Bank providing financial assistance to Mexico with the goal of reducing ozone could be a good example. If you need assistance with any classification essay, please contact today at 1-800-573-0840. We are here to help you with your every academic need.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Management of IT, Radio Frequency Identification Essay

Management of IT, Radio Frequency Identification - Essay Example RFID stands for Radio Frequency Identification which is a very effective and modern system of finding and identifying objects or even organisms. RFID has a lot of uses and is applied to various fields such as criminology, law enforcement, office application etc. It works by 'tagging' and object with either a passive or active tag which can be identified by a RFID reader using radio waves. The tags are powered by the RFID receiver and are only activated when the tag is in range of the receiver. An RFID tag consists of a data sequence encased in the tag housing and is responsible for the identification of the object. The identification sequence starts when the RFID tag comes within the range of the receiver. The receiver will then pick up the tag's signal and decode it for reference. The RFID receiver will then refer the tag's data to its database to verify the identity of the tag's wearer. Once the tag's data (example: the location of the object, time of verification etc.) is processe d and the identity of the object is verified, then the data can be complied in to a larger data set and can be later passed on or processed by another RFID application.(, n.d.). Figure 1: "This diagram explains the basic schematic of all RFID systems.The Tag or Transponder can be either active or passive. It responds to a signal from the Interrogator (reader/writer/antenna) which in turn sends a signal to the Computer" (High Tech Aid, 2006b). An RFID tag is basically composed of an IC. The IC has a small built-in memory (memory type for an IC is usually ROM or Read Only Memory) capacity and may be equipped with a small processor. The tag communicates with the receiver via air interface, with... This essay approves that the biggest advantage and also the most efficient use seen for RFID system is its potential use in electronic product surveillance. RFID systems avoid the old point-to-point tracking system and instead have the ability t track the product at any point in the merchant operation. RFID tags also make product to product communication possible and even automated product shelves that signal the supervisor when it needs refilling. Human product supervision is still necessary but effort is significantly reduced through the use of RFIDs. This report makes a conclusion that Radio Frequency Identification is yet another one of mankind’s attempts at making life a little more convenient. In its service RFID proves to be a very efficient and effective electronic medium not just for identification and security but for other applications as well. The controversy behind the use of RFIDs is based upon future assumptions and thus far the system is proves to be very limiting and specific for it to be used as a type of wide range surveillance method. Like any other wireless device RFIDs are still not very much accepted today but it may become as common as mobile phones or personal computers in the future. Already, manufacturers and researchers are working hand-in-hand in improving the characteristics of RFID technology such as range, processing power, data storage etc. The fear of losing one’s privacy and the tampering of personal data with the use of RFIDs have no scientific basis and it is best to think that howe ver sophisticated RFID devices can get, they will still be hampered by physical limitations as well as laws and regulations that will determine the scope of their use.

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

What would you consider to be the most important issues or problems in Essay

What would you consider to be the most important issues or problems in Human Resources in the United Arab Emirates at the present time Broadly speaking, what d - Essay Example were foreigners in mid-1990s representing no less thÐ °n 60 per cent of the working populÐ °tion Ð °nd more thÐ °n 93 per cent of privÐ °te sector employees (Cooper, 1996). Ð ccording to Ð °n estimÐ °te by the Ð l-IktissÐ °d WÐ °l-Ð Ã °mÐ °l (1997) mÐ °gÐ °zine, no less thÐ °n 95 per cent of the new jobs in the 1995-2000 period were in the privÐ °te sector. There Ð °re four interrelÐ °ted reÐ °sons for the privÐ °te sector’s resistÐ °nce to EmirÐ °tisÐ °tion. The first fÐ °ctor is lÐ °bour cost. The influx of cheÐ °p foreign lÐ °bour during the pÐ °st three decÐ °des led to the development of Ð ° lÐ °bour-intensive privÐ °te sector, whose continued profitÐ °bility hinges on being given Ð ° free hÐ °nd in the utilisÐ °tion of foreign workers. Ð lthough, since the mid-1990s, United Ð rÐ °b EmirÐ °tes hÐ °s increÐ °sed the cost of the lÐ °tter by introducing compulsory heÐ °lth cÐ °re for foreign workers, locÐ °l workers still Ð °re very much more expensive to hire (FÐ °shoyin, 2000). It hÐ °s further been Ð °lleged thÐ °t locÐ °ls will demÐ °nd Ð °bout six times the sÐ °lÐ °ry Ð ° skilled foreign worker would be prepÐ °red to Ð °ccept Ð °nd ‘will not work Ð °s hÐ °rd’ (FÐ °shoyin, 2000). Foreign workers from developing countries Ð °ccept relÐ °tively low sÐ °lÐ °ries becÐ °use they cÐ °n still eÐ °rn more thÐ °n they could eÐ °rn in their home countries. Furthermore, the mÐ ° jority of foreign workers Ð °re young mÐ °le bÐ °chelors Ð °nd therefore do not hÐ °ve Ð ° fÐ °mily to support. For locÐ °l workers, however, the high cost of living in United Ð rÐ °b EmirÐ °tes mÐ °kes the level of wÐ °ges offered by the privÐ °te sector incÐ °pÐ °ble of providing Ð °n Ð °cceptÐ °ble living stÐ °ndÐ °rd for locÐ °l workers (Ð tiyyÐ °h, 2003). Second, sociÐ °l Ð °nd culturÐ °l perceptions towÐ °rds work in the privÐ °te sector greÐ °tly influence compÐ °nies’ Ð °bility to recruit Ð °nd retÐ °in quÐ °lified locÐ °l workers (see TÐ °ble 1). In United Ð rÐ °b EmirÐ °tes, the type of work, sector of employment Ð °nd sociÐ °l interÐ °ctions Ð °t work determine the sociÐ °l stÐ °tus

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Donation For Lekemia & Lymphoma Society Tnt Essay Example for Free

Donation For Lekemia Lymphoma Society Tnt Essay Myoproliferative disorders such as Leukaemia, lymphoma and Myeloma constitute a health, financial and social burden to patients and their family members. We do have a role to play to ameliorate this enormous burden; that is by donating to the Support. By this, we make others smile. The result: we are fulfilled and happy, too. You are not alone, I shall also be a part of this course. This year is a very exciting year for me and my two daughters. This is because we all are graduating in June 2008. I am going to do something that I always want to do: that is to participate in the Frederick Marathon on May 17th as member of The Leukemia Lymphoma Society Teams in Training. In order to support this worthy cause, I have to raise funds to help find cures for Leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and myeloma. This is in a bid to prevent or reduce mortality associated with these cancerous tumours. Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma are cancers that originate in the bone marrow or lymphatic tissues. This affects the person’s healthy blood cells. Every 5 minutes some one is diagnosed with blood cancer and every 10 minutes someone dies from a blood cancer. You may not believe this but nearly 6 people every hour dies from this disease. These staggering statistics only show the numerical calamity associated with these cancers, not to talk of the psychological and economic implications of these debilitating conditions on patients and their family members. There is a way to help assuage such burden: and that is to donate funds for research, families, and treatments. And by this I am determined to raise $1500. 00 or more to contribute to the course. |I implore you to make a donation to support my participation in Team in Training and help support the Leukemia Lymphoma Society. You can make your donation but make sure the checks are written out to The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society and mail them to: You can also make your donation online on my website, which can be forwarded my website to your friends and family. This is a contribution that has a positive effect on the life of others. And there is nothing like making others happy. In fact, this is one of the things we can do for our country, our people in demonstration of our love for others.

Friday, November 15, 2019

Inductive Exegesis Paper -- Religion, Bible, Paul

CONTEXT Most NT Scholars acknowledge 1 Thessalonians was written by Paul and dated around A.D. 50. The recipients were new converted Christians in Thessalonica where Paul newly built the infant church on the second missionary trip. To understand the reason why Paul wrote the letter, we need to explore into the situation of Thessalonians’ church has dealt with. Acts 17 describes the church of Thessalonica was being non-stop attacked since it was set up. The attacks reflected in Paul wrote some â€Å"bad word† against the oppressors (1 Thess 2:14b) and reminded the Thessalonians he had warned them in before (3:4). The oppositions and attacks became so severely that Paul and his companions had to leave Thessalonica suddenly. They were continually chased in Beroea until they furthered to Athens. Since Paul has not spent much time in this infant church, he was so worry about the newly converters faith. Paul tried to go back to Thessalonica but he was blocked. (2:17-18). Then, he sent Timothy back to Thessalonica to pasture them. Timothy finally brought back good news by reporting the church was standing firmly in faith (3:6), but might need â€Å"more teaching in certain area and of encouragement in trials.† Paul obviously could not go back at that time and in this context he wrote the letters of 1 and 2 Thessalonians. The 1 Thessalonians consists two halves: the first half (1:6-3:13) concerns Paul's original visit to Thessalonica and the converters responses to the Gospel. The second half (4:1-5:22) is Paul's teaching on the Thessalonian believers about the issues of conduct and beliefs. In Chapter 4, Paul begins with â€Å"Finally, brother† (v.1) obviously indicating he is turning to a new set of topics to advise. After making advice on mai... ...Thess 4:13-18 expressed how Paul interprets the relation of Jesus’ resurrection and the Parousia. Since 1 Cor 15 Paul has also discussed the issue of Jesus’ resurrection, this passage, written early than 1 Corinthians, provides good cross reference for further investigation of how Paul viewing Jesus’ resurrection. And Paul expresses different Christ’ works and identities in this passage which providing good resources in preaching and Bible study in the church. Question 1.Paul does not clearly explain about the status of resurrection, is same as Jesus’ resurrection, is body resurrection (Jesus showed his hands and wound ribs to ten disciples and Thomas) or in other form? 2. The apocalyptic depictions of â€Å"word of command†, â€Å"archangel figures† and â€Å"trumpet of God† have not been explored much in this paper for lack of space. I think we should ponder more in detail.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Commentary Miss Clarissa Harlowe to Miss Howe

The extract taken from Samuel Richardson's Clarissa is a letter from Miss Clarissa Harlowe to her sister Miss Howe. In the letter, Miss Clarissa expresses her situation and her feels, as she slows builds up her trouble to the point where she becomes powerless and entangled. Her trouble is that she's in a situation where she's trapped by the events caused by two people whom both she dislikes, Mr. Lovelace who bothers her with improper suggestions and Mr. Solmes, who she's soon going to be married to. The extract is written in first person, since it is the actual letter itself where the writer describes her using the most common form â€Å"I†. This gives a more clear view towards the writer, Clarissa's inner emotions and thoughts. It is a piece of epistoltory writing, where the passage is constructed by short paragraphs that add intensity to the content. The passage starts with a factual tone where Miss Clarissa Harlowe describes her illicit correspondence with Mr. Lovelace by mentioning the letter he deposited in the private garden. The phrase â€Å"private place† suggest secrecy and illicitness of the correspondence and adds a sense of mystery. Speech marks are open in the second paragraph but there's no direct speech but only a summary of the situation, concerning time and place. In the factual summary, there's the omission of the names of people, and this implies that her sister Miss Howe knows the characters she mentions, and further, they must have a close relationship for her to know them. This is implication is corresponded with another implication that Miss Howe is not confused by the numerous pronouns used, that suggest she knows the situation well. The third paragraph is a complaint, that's slightly unfriendly and abrupt. The phrase â€Å"no one† gives a strong sense of accusation towards Mr. Lovelace. There's a sense of real trouble that builds up as the passage moves along. Her sister's, as well as her family's dislike towards Mr. Lovelace are expressed in the insults â€Å"upon him† and the preferring of M. Solmes stead of him. Trouble is suggested by the adding of bad relations of her family with Mr. Lovelace that makes the illicit correspondence dangerous. Mr. Lovelace's words about himself being more suitable for marriage than M. Solmes are polite and serious. He speaks of settlement, that includes wealth, money, land, which are all proper considerations of marriage. The â€Å"regularity of his life and manners† is a more serious expression that he had no bad habits. However, his bad habits are before his addresses to her, which implies that he had bad habits before. The politeness is suggested in the word â€Å"addresses†, as well as the phrase â€Å"he will not disgrace himself† and â€Å"hope of my favor†. However, contrary to Mr. Lovelace's polite offerings, the family and him are at bad terms, implied by the use of the imperative word â€Å"must† in his proposals, which suggest that the family will not likely accept them. Clarissa continues to use revelatory language to describe her situation with Mr. Lovelace. Her language reveals what Mr. Lovelace wants, says and what he will do in his letter. For example â€Å"he will submit to any measures that I shall prescribe, in order to bring about a reconciliation. † Along with his polite offerings, Mr. Lovelace tries to show that he has no bad intentions by the suggestion of a meeting â€Å"attended by whom I please†. Mr. Lovelace's suggestions are all improper, wild and impossible. Young women do not meet men at nighttime in some garden because reputation mattered. It was improper to offer her an asylum when she should be tyrannically treated and it was almost impossible for her friends to drive her into a foreign protection. She is offended towards the suggestions because she mentions them. M. Lovelace's suggestions condemn itself because its impossibility and improperness are all implied. The paradox exists when she mentions, â€Å"I had given him great encouragement† as well as the improper suggestions that she's offended to. It emphasizes the improperness of the suggestions and her feeling of being offended. Clarissa's retelling of Mr. Lovelace's description of himself, contrasts with Mr. Lovelace's improper, impossible suggestions. One is polite, serious while the other abrupt and offensive. The contrast further intensifies the feeling of being offended by Clarissa. In contrast to her strong feeling, her comments are reduced to only four lines while the majority of the description is about Mr. Lovelace. She moves to the inequality between man and woman where she finds women are too complaisant or bashful. There's an indication of the arrogance of men where women are entangled by old supposals and offers. However, inequality is only pinpointed with a few lines. There's the omission of detail of the inequality she mentions, as well as the omission of detail in her descriptions of her situation. Further there's the omission of Mr. Lovelace's emotions although he is the one that offers and suggestions. Later, she reanalyzes her own background, where she uses the alliteration â€Å"drawn and driven† that presents a sense of entrapment and powerlessness. Her emotions are shown through her heart, that condemns the â€Å"mere lover-like correspondence†. The sense of entrapment is further shown by the idea of things that crowds on her, where she could not â€Å"break it off†. The paradox between her being crowded by the idea of things and her being alone also strengthen the sense of entrapment. The demanding of advice from her sister suggests her alones and that she has to confide to someone not living there to seek her help. She sees love as entanglement, as she condemns the lover-like correspondence. The correspondence had caused the unhappy situation, â€Å"more and more entangled†. She not only dislikes Mr. Lovelace, but also Mr. Solmes, as she mentions that she wants break off the marriage. She's eager to escape the entanglement and seeks to be free, shown by her wishing to â€Å"put an end to it†. This is supported by the desperate tone she has, as she points clearly to her suffering by obvious words such as â€Å"unhappy. Her tone is also pessimistic, as she uses words such as â€Å"extricate†, which has a negative meaning. My personal response is that her entanglement is very difficult to resolve since she's going to marry soon. If she breaks off the marriage, it would cause Mr. Solmes to misunderstand her that she accepts his improper suggestions. Her problem is tragic and inevitable to avoid. For that, I feel sorry for her.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Customs and traditions in the USA Essay

Customs and traditions are important part of our culture, of our lives. Customs and traditions unite, build community. They provide identity. They tie us to our ancestors and heritage. They remind us of where we came from. Every country and every nation has it’s own traditions and customs. It’s very important to know traditions and customs of different people. It will help you to know more about the history and life of different nations and countries. Custom is a traditional and widely accepted way of behaving or doing something that is specific to a particular society, place, or time; a thing that one does habitually. Tradition is the transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation, or the fact of being passed on in this way; long-established custom or belief that has been passed on from one generation to another All countries have their social customs and peculiarities, and the US is no exception. The first group of custom which is worth speaking about is connected with meeting someone. When meeting someone for the first time, it is customary to shake hands, both for men and for women. Hugs are only exchanged between close friends. Kissing is not common. Among friends, it’s common for men to kiss ladies on one or both cheeks. Men don’t usually kiss or embrace each other. Americans usually introduce themselves by their first name and last name (such as â€Å"Hello, I’m John Smith†), or, if the setting is very casual, by their first name only (â€Å"Hi, I’m John†). The common response when someone is introduced to you is â€Å"Pleased to meet you.† Americans generally dislike formality or any sort of social deference due to age or position, and most quickly say ‘Please call me Rick (or Rita)’. To Americans, informality shows no lack of respect. Because of the rise of women’s liberation in America, women may be introduced with the title ‘Ms’ (pronounced ‘mizz’) and some women object to being addressed as ‘Miss’ or ‘Mrs’. In some social circles, women are introduced after their husbands, e.g. Mrs Chuck Whizzkid, in which case you shouldn’t address her as Chuck! Americans often reply ‘You’re Welcome’ or something similar when somebody thanks them, and they may think you’re impolite if you don’t do likewise. If someone asks ‘How are you?’, it’s usual to reply ‘Fine thanks’ and don’t complain even if you feel dreadful. Americans don’t have status or inherited titles (e.g. Sir or Lord) but it is necessary to defer to people with a professional title which has been earned. These include foreign diplomats (e.g. Sir), members of the Senate (Senator) or Congress (Congressman/Congresswoman), judges, medical doctors and others with a doctorate, military officers (e.g. General, Colonel), professors, priests and other religious ministers (e.g. Father, Rabbi, Reverend). If you’re invited to dinner, it’s customary to take along a small present, e.g. flowers, a plant, chocolates or a bottle of wine (but nothing extravagant or ostentatious). But choosing flowers you should remember that American people pay attention to the meaning of flowers. For example carnations are associated with bad luck, chrysanthemums are for cemeteries and roses signify love. Guests are normally expected to be punctual with the exception of certain society parties, when late arrival is de rigueur (provided you don’t arrive after the celebrity guest). It’s usual to arrive half an hour to an hour after the official start of a dance. Invitations to cocktail parties or receptions may state 5pm to 7pm, in which case you may arrive at any time between these hours. Dinner invitations are often phrased as 8pm for 8.30pm. This means you should arrive at 8pm for drinks and dinner will be served at 8.30pm. Anyone who arrives late for dinner or doesn’t turn up at all, should expect to be excluded from future guest lists. On the other hand, you must never arrive early. The custom of not taking off the shoes is peculiar to Americans. That is why don’t think of whether you should take off your shoes or not. If it is necessary the host will warn you about it himself. When watching American films I always wondered why Americans did not take off their footwear. The matter turns out to be that there is no much dirty and dust in American streets. Some people who were in America say that it is possible to sit on some pavements and not to make oneself dirty. One more reason explaining this custom is that majority of Americans prefer driving but not going of foot. That is why they are not afraid of dirtying their houses. Some families say grace before meals, so follow your host’s example before tucking in. Table manners are more relaxed in the U.S. than in many other countries. The fork is held in the right hand and is used for eating. The knife is used to cut something. To use the knife, the fork is switched to the left hand. To continue eating, the fork is switched back to the right hand. Don’t overstay your welcome. This becomes obvious when your host starts looking at his watch, talking about his early start the next day. The custom which is also typical for the USA is tipping. Most Americans are shocked by anyone who doesn’t tip or who tips too little. The one you will encounter most often is at restaurants. American restaurants do not add a service charge to the bill. Therefore it is expected that the customer will leave a tip for the server. Common practice is to leave a tip that is equal to 15% of the total bill for acceptable service, and about 20% for superior service. If the service was unusually poor, then you could leave a smaller tip, about 10%. Other professions where tipping is expected include hairdressers, taxi drivers, hotel porters, parking valets, and bartenders. The general rule is to tip approximately 15% of the bill. In situations where there is no bill the tip may range from $1 to $5, depending on the type of establishment and on how good the service was. The custom of tipping came to America from Great Britain. In the 18th century in Great Britain the boxes with the inscription T.I.P.S. which was meant To Insure Prompt Service were on the tables during having tea. Then this term came to America. Baby showers have been a tradition in the US for a long time now, and are growing in popularity here, too. What better excuse is there for getting a group of friends together than to celebrate a new life? Plus, the mum-to-be get lots of great presents for her and her baby, result! The only person who shouldn’t arrange a baby shower is the mum-to-be. The whole event should be great fun and completely stress-free for her. Friends, family or work colleagues are the usual organizers. You could either keep it as a surprise for the mum-to-be, or tell her what you are planning. Baby showers usually have some sort of baby theme to get everyone in the mood. Popular themes include: Teddy bear’s tea party. Get hold of as many teddies as you can and make sure each guest brings one, too! As presents, they could bring teddy bear-related books. The cake could be in the shape of a teddy bear. You get the general idea! Nursery rhymes. Arrange toys linked to nursery rhymes around the room , such as shoes (There was an old lady), a spider (Little Miss Muffet), a bucket (Jack & Jill’s pail), and toy boats (Row row row your boat). Ask guests if they can count how many rhymes are represented. Books. Ask each guest to bring a book that meant something to them as a child. It’s a great way for mum to start up her child’s library. For decoration, everyone could also bring books to arrange around the room. The cake could be in the shape of a fairytale book. One more tradition connected with babies is to give a baby a birthstone. The Tradition of Birthstones goes back further than written history. People wear jewelry containing stones designated for their Birth Month. In the USA there are a lot of traditions connecting with wedding. It is known that before marriage engagement takes place. As a rule a man invite a woman to the restaurant to make her a proposal. Engagement ring obligatory should have a brilliant. The diamond engagement ring originated with King Maximillian who presented Mary of Burgundy with a diamond ring in 1477 as a token of his love. And the ring is presented unexpectedly. It may found in the glass of champagne by the woman or in the bud of the rose. To my mind this tradition is very romantic. The tradition of a Bachelor Party which is held for the Groom and usually sponsored by The Best Man the night before the Wedding and a Bridal Shower which is usually sponsored by The Bride’s Maid is very popular in the USA. By the way the number of bridesmaids in America amount from two to twenty. The tradition of bridesmaids dressing the same as each other and in similar style to the bride comes from ancient days when it was believed that evil spirits have a more difficult time distinguishing which one is the bride and putting a hex on her. The tradition of a Wedding Rehearsal Dinner also takes place in America. It is usually celebrated between the immediate families of spouses in the late afternoon the day before the wedding. The Groom’s Family traditionally provides for this celebration. The Wedding Ceremony is most often performed as part of a religious ceremony each with its own specific customs and traditions. On the day of the wedding the Groom does not see the Bride until the actual ceremony. As Custom would have it from Victorian Times: the Bride wears Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed, Something Blue, and a Sixpence in her shoe. The bride and groom exchange their rings to mark the permanent commitment of the new spouses to each other. The rings should be gold. According to history gold rings signified a financial sacrifice on the part of the prospective husband. Ring finger is the fourth ringer which is considered to be connected directly to the heart by a route that was called â€Å"the vein of love.† In the USA tradition of engraving of wedding rings is popular. The kiss on weddings dates back to the earliest days of civilization in the Middle East. A kiss was used as the formal seal to agreements, contracts, etc. In Ancient Rome a kiss was still being used as the legal bold to seal contracts. Hence the obvious use of the custom at the end of the wedding ceremony to â€Å"seal† the marriage vows. After the wedding ceremony newlyweds are covered with rice which is used as a symbol of fertility and as a wish for a â€Å"full pantry†. A Wedding Reception is usually held after the ceremony for all family and friends to celebrate. The Bride’s Family usually provides for this celebration. Traditionally the groom’s flower, worn on his lapel, usually matches one of the flowers in his bride’s bouquet. This tradition goes back to medieval times when knights wore the colors of their lady in tournaments. All of us know the tradition of throwing bridal bouquet and garter. The history of this tradition is very interesting I believe. In parts of Europe during the 14th contrary, having a piece of the bride’s clothing was thought to bring good luck. Guests would literally destroy the brides dress by ripping off pieces of fabric. In order to prevent this, brides began throwing their bouquets to the unwed girls. And grooms began to throw garter to unmarried men. One more wedding tradition is connected with CARRYING THE BRIDE OVER THE THRESHOLD Traditionally, the bride had to enter her new home the first time through the front door. If she tripped or stumbled while entering it was considered to be very bad luck. And the groom carried her over the threshold les she should stumble. Hence the tradition of the groom carrying the bride over the threshold. They bring us all together, no matter where we are. We can all relate to them and understand each other because we all use them. It is also a great connection for family and friends. There are traditions that are upheld for hundreds of years that are so important in our hearts. It links and connects us to past members of our family and our world whom we may never have gotten the chance to meet. They teach us about ourselves, our families, and the world around us. We can learn our history, why this tradition was started and what it signifies when we follow it today. They can work as the glue that holds us together. They are our culture, our heritage; they are us.

Friday, November 8, 2019

Homework Solutions Essays

Homework Solutions Essays Homework Solutions Paper Homework Solutions Paper The latter rate would rise more slowly than the rate of increase in GAP with the least effect of the three types. Conversely, in an economic slowdown, a progressive tax falls faster because not only does it decline with income, it becomes proportionately less as incomes fall. This acts as a cushion on declining incomes-?the tax bite is less, which leaves more of the lower income for spending. The reverse would be true of a regressive tax that falls, but more slowly than the progressive tax, as incomes decline. Question 4 Briefly state and evaluate the problem of time lags in enacting and applying fiscal policy. How might politics complicate fiscal policy? How might expectations of a near-term policy reversal weaken fiscal policy based on changes in tax rates? What is the crowding-out effect, and why might it be relevant to fiscal policy? Question 1 It takes time to ascertain the direction in which the economy is moving (recognition lag), to get a fiscal policy enacted into law (administrative lag), and for the policy to have its full effect on the economy (operational lag). Meanwhile, other factors may change, rendering inappropriate a particular fiscal policy. Nevertheless, discretionary fiscal policy is a valuable tool in preventing severe recession or severe demand-pull inflation. A political business cycle is the concept that politicians are more interested in reelection than in stabilizing the economy. Before the election, they enact tax cuts and spending increases to please voters even though this may fuel inflation. After the election, they apply the brakes to restrain inflation; the economy will slow and unemployment Will rise. In this view the political process creates economic instability. A decrease in tax rates might be enacted to stimulate consumer spending. If households receive the tax cut but expect it to be reversed in the near future, they may hesitate to increase their spending. Believing that tax rates will rise again (and possibly concerned that they will rise to rates higher than before the tax cut), households may instead save their additional after-tax income in anticipation of needing to pay taxes in the future. The crowding-out effect is the reduction in investment spending caused by the increase in interest rates arising from an increase in government spending, financed by borrowing. The increase in G was designed to increase AD, but the resulting increase in interest rates may decrease l, Thus the impact of the expansionary fiscal policy may be reduced. Question 7 Why did the budget surpluses in 2000 and 2001 give way to a series of budget deficits beginning in 2002? Why did those deficits increase substantially beginning in 2008? The economy was sluggish through 2002, lowering revenues, and in June 2003 Congress again cut taxes.

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Is Dentistry the Field for You

Is Dentistry the Field for You The career experts at CareerIgniter have a round-up of everything you need to know! Firstly, what is it?  Dentistry is a medical subspecialty that encompasses oral health. Oral health consists of the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of decay and diseases of the oral cavity, and adjacent tissues and structures of the jaw and face.There are nine specialties within dentistry (median salaries in parentheses):General Dentistry ($149,310)Dental Public HealthEndodonticsOral and Maxillofacial PathologyOral and Maxillofacial Surgery ($187,200)Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics ($187,200)Pediatric Dentistry (Pedodontics)PeriodonticsProsthodontics ($169, 130)Dentists need to have an interest in oral health, excellent patient socialization skills, and a tolerance for the up-close-and-personal nature of exams and performing dental work. Other skills include:Good manual dexterityPhysical staminaKnowledgeable in fieldExcellent communication skillsProblem solving abilitiesPatience ReassuringDisciplined in using clinical approachGreat attention to detailConfidenceDentists work in multiple settings, but most join group practices or work with public health organizations. According to CareerIgniter, 92% of dentists work in private practice. It’s a robust, growing field because the need for dental health and preventative care will only grow with the aging Baby Boomer populations.How to become a dentistThe process takes from 7-8 years; expenses can range from $15K – $60K a year depending on the institution you select for the undergraduate and medical degrees.1. Complete a bachelor’s degree program 2. Pass the Dental Admission Test (DAT) 3. Earn a dental degree (Doctor of Dental Surgery, DDS, or Doctor of Dental Medicine, DDM) from an accredited organization. Studies during this time include laboratory and classroom work in health and dental science. Courses will most likely include oral pathology, periodontics, dental anesthesia, orthodontics, radiology, and pharmacology. The last two years of a program typically focus on clinical work, diagnosing and treating patients under the supervision of a dental instructor. 4. Obtain a license to practice (by passing National Board Dental Exams) 5. Practice or pursue a specialtySo if you like teeth, other human beings, and are passionate about preventative medical care- dentistry just might be the ideal career for you!How To Become A DentistRead More at

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Impact of One Child Policy for Chinese Society Research Paper

Impact of One Child Policy for Chinese Society - Research Paper Example This is due to the forced abortions and sterilizations in China. Moreover, the neglect and abandonment of a girl child in China has caused sharp criticisms against this policy. More significant is the fact that China’s one-child-per-couple policy has been included in the country’s legislation on demographic strategy (Chen 74). This research paper gives a critical analysis and discussion of China’s one-child-per-couple policy with a view of demonstrating its impact on the Chinese society. The background to this policy, conflicts arising out of it and the awareness of the generation on this policy and its impacts are also presented within the paper. Background of the Policy The idea of birth control was introduced in China in the 1950s by a group of various non party intellectuals. This idea is argued to be the origin of China’s one child policy. In the book, The New Population Theory, Professor Yinchu Ma in 1957 argued that the control of the population wou ld be the solution to the problems in child and maternal health. Professor Yinchu Ma also pointed out that the regulation of population growth will reduce the mortality rates within the society. The initial years of the Chinese New Republic was characterized by leaders who revealed support for the control of population growth. This is because leaders in the government attributed the country’s rapid growth of its population as a threat to its food surplus and economic growth (Waldmeir 1). Birth control began to be popularized, especially in the densely populated parts of China. Moreover, propaganda was included in the desire for birth control and reduction of population growth rate. This is demonstrated by the campaigns in the 1960s which popularized and promoted two child family and late marriage (Li, Junjian and Junsen 1535). The birth control policy in China grew from the voluntary birth control programs which were promoted by various social campaigns. Later, the control of population became a state based affair (McLoughlin 305). This was motivated by the rapid rise in the Chinese population, especially in the 1970s, when the additional 250 million people were registered within China. The state governed birth control began as an extension of abortion and contraceptive services to China’s rural areas. This extended into glorification long intervals between child birth, smaller families and later marriages (Chow, Esther and Zhao 37). These campaigns and programs yielded fruits in 1975 when the fertility rate in the rural and urban communities fell below 4% and 1.8% respectively (Yang 320). Nonetheless, the government officials depicted that further growth of the population was inherently inevitable. This is due to the fact that about half of the Chinese society was below the age of 21 years. This was affirmed by the 1982 census which disclosed a 1 billion growth in the Chinese population (Chen 75). Officials predicted that if the trend of populat ion growth persisted, the Chinese population would exceed 1.4 billion people in the turn of the century (McLoughlin 307). The rapid growth of the population was now seen as an apparent thereat to China’s ambitions and strategic plans for economic growth and modernization. As a result of this, in 1979, the one child policy emerged in China. This policy was announced officially in 1980 by the

Friday, November 1, 2019

Subverting the Processes of Peer Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Subverting the Processes of Peer Review - Essay Example Hwang was indeed a brainy researcher. He had efficiently kept his collaborators, manipulating them with their own personal motives. With that, he had managed to maintain his established credibility within the span of his research and prominence. Hwang was a national hero in South Korea and was rose to fame after claiming a series of remarkable breakthroughs in the field of stem cell research. Despite the notable absence of any of the scientific data needed to probe the validity of his research, Hwang's several claims were well received by the South Korean media and public. They have been so attracted with his claim of immeasurable economic prospect that his research was said to be promising (Wikipedia, 2008). With such renowned standing, he maintained and expands his research team. Building it in a rigid hierarchical structure had made him extremely dominant among his researchers regardless of their titles. His collaborators worked for his fraud and some had even so consistent with their support despite the arousal of controversies. With their firm determination to back him up, he had managed to publicize his said noble study. Dr. Roh head of Seoul fertility clinic had agreed to collaborate with Hwang despite the anomalous way of obtaining the egg cell from paid donors and two of their junior researchers. When the controversy was exposed he even publicly admits the deed claiming that he was solely responsible and Hwang was unaware of the said anomaly. This was to cover up despite the fact that Hwang himself had distributed egg donation consent forms to his researchers and even personally escorted one to the MizMedi Hospital to take the egg extraction procedure. All these fabrication were for the assured credit on what had been thought as a promising research. In Hwang's laboratory, every order must be followed having him as a supervisor. Two of his junior researcher had even donated their eggs despite the inconvenience of the procedure. At a point, one of the researcher/donor in her attempt to disclose the fact had retracted her statement due to alleged coercion. Moreover, his team obediently follows when Hwang told them to make it look as if there were 11 stem cells when not even half that number was there. These were with the knowledge that they would have credit on the published discovery. On the contrary, all their efforts in the research would be wasted if they would disclose the fact. After having acquired a celebrity status in South Korea, Hwang actively sought to establish every possible tie to political and

Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Book Report Two Old Women Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Book Report Two Old Women - Essay Example The author was looking for a very remote and intimidating environment to base the tale of two old women. The environment was very well selected and established. It is the part of the novel that depicted difficulty in the whole book. Apart from the difficult and intimidating environment, the story of survival and perseverance would be of no logic. The timing of the novel was very crucial and the author did an exceptional job in the timing of her book. It is the olden times of the novel that gave the tale logic in terms of few and scattered communities of people. It is also in the olden days that cannibals existed and held so much significant to people (pp. 98). In the novel cannibals were a feared lot. It also with the migrations made by characters in the novel made the timing of the tale exceptional. Apart from the setting of the novel, it is with great appreciation that I would recommend the novel to the modern society. In the novel, there was the depiction of laziness as a weakness. By strength, will and hard work that the two old women managed to survive during winter. This is a challenge to individuals who may use their weaknesses to avoid responsibility and seek attention. In my opinion, this fact created the most significant part of the novel. The choice of the vice by the author was exceptional. The author also focuses on society ties, betrayal and expectations. In the novel, the two old women were betrayed since they could not fulfill the tribe’s expectations of fitness (pp. 76). The authors mind was relating the struggles by the old population and the society reaction to their old age. At the conclusion of the novel the author expresses the apologetic feeling of the tribe when they found out the two women were still alive. This is a depiction of regret when we do not do the right thing. In the modern day society the novel still hold significance since we witness large numbers of old

Monday, October 28, 2019

The Causes And Problems Of Economic Scarcity Economics Essay

The Causes And Problems Of Economic Scarcity Economics Essay One of the economy systems is market system. In that system, private individuals and firms own most of the property resources which are land and capital. Individuals and firms are free to make economic decisions that benefit them. Consumers seek to pay for the good and service in the best value. Besides that, the objective of firms is to achieve the maximum profit. Then, workers seek to maximize their wages according to the working in particular job. Individuals, firms, and workers are free to make the economic choices. For example, consumers can decide the type and the amount of the goods that they want to buy. Firms can decide the type, production method and amount of the goods that they want to produce according to their ability. Worker can choose their jobs which they are qualified by themselves. Hence, the rich can satisfy their desires for a good or service because they are able to pay for it. On the other hand, the poor disable to pay for the goods and services they want so they cant maximize their satisfaction. As a result, the people who are able to pay for it can consume the good. Therefore, a market system cope with the economy scarcity by the ability of a person to pay for the goods and services he wants. Besides market system, command economy also can cope with economic scarcity. In this system, government is an economics decision maker. Government makes decision through a central economics plan. Most of the property resources are owned by the government. Individuals and firms cannot make economic decision freely. The government controls the price and quantity supplied of the goods. Government plans the output, production material and the technique used of each firms. It also plans the worker in each industry. Individuals are not given choice to choose their jobs. There is no competition in command economy. Consumers need not to compete to buy a good that is valuable because government distribute all the goods to the people in accordance with needs. Besides that, firms also need not to compete to produce a purchase that can maximize the profit. It is because government has planned the output of each firm. Government distributes goods to the people according to its judgment. For example, government gives more to those who contribute more and work harder. This may encourage people to work harder too. In this system, market prices are used to make the decision to allocate the resources that owned by government and queue the scarce resources. The government distributes the goods and services to the people and allocate the income of the people. Then, it gives the choice to them to spend the money. The objective of doing this is to handle the pattern of expenditure by setting an appropriate price. High price is set to discourage consumption while encourage consumption by setting low prices. Therefore, a command system copes with economic scarcity by the judgment of government to take care of social welfare. Question 3 Part A Supply means that producers are willing and able to produce the amount of good at each of a series of possible prices during a specific period. There are several reasons cause the supply of a product to increase. Cost of resources is one of the determinants of supply. It causes supply of the product to increase when the cost of resources rises and vice versa. The lower price of resources will reduce the cost of production. By the time, more profit will be made at the price. Hence, producers will increase the production to maximize the profit. For example, the decrease in the price of rubber will increase the supply of tires. Prices of other goods can affect the increase in supply of a product too. When a firm wants to produce a particular product, it can use their plant and method to produce alternatives goods. For example, laptop and desktop are the goods in joint supply. When the price of laptop rises, firms are more interested in producing laptop because it can earn more profit. At the same time, desktop becomes unattractive to the firms because it cannot maximize their profit. Another reason of increase in supply of a product is the number of sellers. When the number of sellers becomes larger, market supply will become greater. If firms leave an industry, the market supply will decrease and the supply curve will shift leftward. In conclusion, decrease in cost of production of a good, increase in the number of sellers and decrease in the price of a good in joint supply with the good that produced by the firm are the reasons of increase in supply of a product. Part B The government sets price floors on goods to avoid the price of them from falling below a certain level. However, economists say that the price floors and ceiling stifle the rationing function of prices and distort resource allocation. Economists say it because price floor is above the equilibrium price that stifle the rationing function of prices. Rationing function of prices is the ability of the competitive force to establish the consistent price of the good in selling and buying decision. If the market equilibrium price of a burger is RM2 and there is no shortage and surplus in the market, the consumers who are able and willing to pay RM2 for a burger will obtain it. However, the buyers who cannot or will not pay for it will fail to obtain it. On the other hand, sellers are able and willing to sell burger in RM2 will sell it and the sellers who are disable or not willing to sell a burger for RM2 will not sell it. The objective of setting the price floor is to protect the producers income. The setting of price floor can ensure the producers in not making loss in sales. Besides that, it also motivates the producers to increase in the production in goods. Hence, the supply of the goods will not keep decreasing and out of control. In resources allocation, consumers suppose to pay less in buying the product but the setting of price floor raise the price of the product. For example, the price of mask is falling to RM0.05 each because of the surplus. Then, government sets a price floor of RM0.10 for each mask. By the time, consumers need to buy it at the price of RM0.10 and they suppose to buy it at the price of RM0.50. It has distorted the resource allocation. Government sets price ceiling to prevent the price of good from rising above a certain level. The objectives of setting the price ceiling are to protect the benefit of consumers. The setting of price floor can ensure the consumers to be able to buy a particular product especially for those on low incomes. Besides that, it also encourages the consumers to buy the product. However, it is not fair to the suppliers because they suppose to earn more from sales. For example, the price of volleyball is RM100 because of the increase in demand. Then, government sets price ceiling of RM80 for each volleyball. Therefore, the suppliers sell the volleyball at the price of RM80 and they suppose to gain RM100 from each of the volleyball. This has distorted the resource allocation too. Question 5 Part A There are several differences between a decrease in demand and decrease in quantity demanded. Quantity demanded is the amount of a good that a buyer is able and willing to buy it at a certain price over a time period. Decrease in quantity demanded is caused by the rise in price of a product. For example, when the price of a mobile phone rises from RM800 to RM1000, the quantity demanded will fall from 1000 units to 500 units. However, decrease in demand is caused by the determinants of demand, rather than the price of the good. The determinants of good affect the decrease in demand such as tastes, number of buyers, income of household, the price of substitute and complement good and consumer expectation. For instance, tea and coffee are substitute goods. When the price of tea falls from RM2 to RM1, the demand of coffee will decrease. It is because the price of tea and the demand of coffee are positive relationship. Consumers tend to buy more tea when its price falls and so the demand of coffee will decrease. PBesides that, decrease in quantity demanded causes the demand curve to move upward. A P1 B P2 D0 0 Q2 Q1111 Q Figure 1 Figure 2 P Q D0 P0 0 Q1 Q0 D1Figure 1 shows a decrease in quantity demanded of apple. According to the figure 1, the price of apple falls from P1 to P2, there is a movement downward from point A to point B along the demand curve D0. Nevertheless, the decrease in demand causes the demand curve to shifts leftward. Figure 2 showing a decrease in demand of potatoes. Potato is a normal good. The decrease in income of consumers causes the decrease in demand of potatoes. According to the figure 2, when the income of consumers decreases, the demand of potatoes decreases from Q0 to Q1. Therefore, the demand curve shifts leftward from D0 to D1. Part B Percentage change in quantity demandedIncome elasticity of demand is used to measure the responsiveness of demand to a change in consumers income by buying more or less of a good. The coefficient of income elasticity of demand, Ed can calculate from this formula: Percentage change in income Ed = There are three degrees of income elasticity of demand which are positive, negative and exactly zero. If the income elasticity coefficient, Ed is greater than 1, that means it is elastic. The percentage change in quantity demanded is greater than percentage change in income. The goods can be normal goods or superior goods. For example, shoe is a normal good. When the income of consumer increases by 10%, the quantity demanded of shoes will increase by 20%. The income elasticity of demand of shoes is 2, > 0. If the income elasticity coefficient, Ed is less than 0, that means it is inelastic. The percentage change in quantity demanded is less than percentage change in income. The good is recognized as an inferior good. For instance, used clothing is an inferior good. If the income of consumer rises by 5%, then the quantity demanded of used clothing will decrease by 10%. Hence, the income elasticity of demand of used clothing is -2, < 0. If the income elasticity coefficient, Ed is equal to zero, meaning that the degree is exactly zero. The percentage change in income will not affect the percentage change in quantity demanded. Such goods are called necessities. For example, rice is a necessity of daily life. If consumers income decreases, the quantity demanded of rice will not increase and remain the same. Therefore, the income elasticity of demand is equal to zero. Question 6 Part A Diagram 3 80 50 Q0 Consumer surplus con Equilibrium price 0 DConsumer surplus is the benefit received by consumers in market. It is the difference between the maximum price that consumers are willing to pay and the actual price of the good. Consumer surplus appears when a consumer pay the equilibrium price that less than the price he would be willing to pay to obtain the product. P (RM) Q (unit) Diagram 3 shows the demand curve of bag. For example, Lily is willing to pay a maximum of RM80 to obtain a bag. The equilibrium price of the bag is RM50. So, Lily receives a consumer surplus of RM30 (RM80-RM50). .The relationship between consumer surplus and price is negative. Lower prices increase the consumer surplus but higher prices reduce it. Producer surplus is the benefit received by the producers in markets. It is the difference between the minimum acceptable price and the actual price that producers receive. Producer surplus appears when the minimum acceptable price of producers higher than the equilibrium price. Producer surplus and price are positively related. Lower prices decrease the producer surplus but higher prices increase it. P (RM) Diagram 4 Equilibrium price Q0 Producer surplus pro S 0 2000 Q (unit) Diagram 4 shows the supply curve of computer. For instance, Peter is the seller of computer in market. His minimum acceptable price is RM1500. As the equilibrium price of computer in market is RM2000, Peter received a producer surplus of RM500 (RM2000-RM500). Good XPart B 20 F B A C 15 Diagram 5 2 5 10 E 0 5 7 8 D Good Y Diagram 5 shows the production possibilities frontier. Assume that there are full employment, fixed resources, fixed technology and two goods are produced in the certain period. Point A, B, C and D mean that the resources of production are used efficiently. Point E means that the economy is wasting the resources without produce the greatest output possible. Point F cannot be achieved because the technology and resources are not able to achieve it. Scarcity is a situation when there are limited resources that cannot produce as many products as they want to produce and satisfy the unlimited wants of people. The concept is shown by diagram 4. The area inside the curve shows the resources are limited. If firms want to increase the production in good X from 15 units to 20 units, they must reduce the production of good X from 5 to 2 at the same time. It is because the resources are limited. Choice is an economic concept for people to choose a good in order to maximize their satisfaction because of the scarcity. According to the diagram 4, firms will decide to increase or decrease in production of good X or good Y that can maximize the profit. For example, if the increase in production in good X can raise their profit, firms will tend to do it. Opportunity cost occurs because of the choices that people made. It is the second best choice that has been scarifying in making choice. For example, firms have choices of producing 10 units good X and 7 units good Y or 15 units goods X and 5 units good Y. If firms make the first choice, the opportunity cost will be 2 units good Y. On the other hand, the opportunity cost will be 5 units good X if firms make the second choice.