Friday, March 15, 2019
History and Eradication of Smallpox Essay -- Biology Medical Biomedica
History and Eradication of variola major virusThe smallpox virus has affected the human being species for centuries. It has been recorded as early as 1350 BC in old-fashioned Egypt.The smallpox disease is caused by the Variola virus which only if inhabits the world organism. There are two forms of the disease major and minor. The major has a mortality rate of 20-40% of untreated individuals. Though major and minor at long last run the same course and the outcome is the same, the major has symptoms that are lucid from the minor form, including hemorrhaging both internally and externally. Early treatment of the disease was variolation, and was the only method of treatment until the vaccine was discovered by Edward Jenner. The World health Organization (WHO) eradicated smallpox in 1979. There is still no impelling treatment for the disease after contraction.The speckled monster, the killer of both kings and peasants, once considered the most terrible minister of death smallpo x had ravaged the world for centuries. The virus emerged from an unknown source, however there is belief that it originated in Africa and past eventually spread to India and China. The first documented case of smallpox was go out in 1350 BC during the Egyptian-Hittite war.(Emedmag,2002) The course of the pandemic turned towards Europe in the 5th to 7th century and begun it destruction in major European cities in the eighteenth century. Classified as a pandemic during the 18th century, smallpox was located on almost the entire world sustain Australia and a few isolated islands. variola major virus did not only carry on medical history, but also was a great influence in politics as well. Smallpox was known as the killer of peasants and kings, present no biasness in its selection of victims. Skin lesions ... ...n stopped for almost 15 years. If terrorists were to use the Variola virus, the world would be virtually at the blessing of the smallpox disease.History and Eradication o f Smallpox 9ReferencesBarquet, N. Smallpox The win over the Most Terrible of the Ministers of Death. Volume 127, Issue 8, Pages 635-642.Brannon, H. 2005. History of Smallpox The Rise and Fall of a Disease. About Dermatology. July 26,2005 http//dermatology.about.com/cs/smallpox/a/smallpoxhx.htmBrilliant, L. B. 1985. The Management of Smallpox Eradication in India. AnnArbor, MIUniversity of Michigan Press.Fenner, F., D. A. Henderson, I. Arita, Z. Jezek, & I. D. Ladnyi. 1988. Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva World Health Organization.Hopkins, J. W. 1989. The Eradication of Smallpox Organizational training and Innovation in International Health. Boulder, CO Westview Press.