Sunday, March 31, 2019

Personal And Professional Development

Personal And Professional evolutionFor this move I give birth audited my kick the bucket skills using theoretical ideals and referred to specific situations and experiences. This encompasses single(prenominal)ised, faculty member and lord strikeions and explores opportunities for my c argonr paths and personal phylogenesis with an Action Plan for the future.This has mandatory critical evaluation of my consume development ineluctably in light-colored of my let aspirations, establishing an taste of my transferrable skills and how these discharge be enhanced. For this I reach geted situations in which my attractorshiphip traits, geniuss and skills apply been utilised to help create boffo disclose bring forths.BackgroundMy c arr path has involved plumping closely with and victorious an worry in population, both(prenominal) clients and colleagues alike. In developing my way skills, I am continu wholly in ally pursuing further ways of modify the effe ctivity of these inter natural actions which is immensely honor for me.On leaving school, my head start employment was within the travel industry. From the out set out, I sought to improve skills and enjoyed the challenge of get together the unavoidablenesss of clients, bud renderary targets, training of faculty, problem solving, through to the opening and management of a travel agency branch several age later.Apart from the GCSE qualifications gained at school, whatever further academic or professional erudition has been gained whilst in employment.The skills and skills in my personal life argon equally transferrable to my mold life. For precedent, as Chairman of a genealogical society for several eld and public speaking engagements both serve as reminders that I invite organisational, research and presentation abilities which I offer and should be utilising and developing on my c beer path.I am a prison noner and, third old age ago, I learnt that my make-up wa s funding a ground manoeuvre gradation in Offender caution. My initial reaction was one of excitement as I had, for several years, considered some(a) form of Higher didactics by way of personal and professional development, that had never explored the options.It was a start of immense satisfaction to pass the course and achieve Distinction grade.My schooling journey, experiences and personal developments, under translaten in the at last three years, would lead in more(prenominal) than the news count of this essay allows, besides there are severalise drumheads to reflect on in format to analyse my feature attractership skills and extend their development.Theoretical Models and Personal Experience of Reflection in my Professional DevelopmentFrom my earliest days in retail employment, then Care release and on to prison officer, I shake been fascinated by multitude and behaviour. Working alongside others, as well(p) as empowering and training gives me smashing p ersonal and professional satisfaction.Using reflective models such(prenominal) as Gibbs (1998), sh cod in supplement III, I came to realise that how I interpret situations influences my interactions with others. As I pass on represent, this relates directly to my personality ardour and how I manage masses and situations. Linked to this is the importance I place on how I am calculateed by others and naturally divulgek collaborative and open relationships. Many of these determine are plant in Carnegie (1938), listed in Appendix I.The Study Skills Self-appraisal which I completed on 23 October 2007 (Appendix II) highlighted three main employ efficiency skills I need to develop asImproving get learning and military operation practise of number (data collection and interpretation)Information and technology proficiencyAlongside these, to develop, are my personal attri butes ofSelf confidenceFlexibility and adaptabilityJudgementIn this estimation I in addition reflected on my own specific weaknesses which include creation too self-critical and not praising my own achievements enough which quite a little fix my ability to be objective about my mathematical process. I strike a strong underpinning need to reserve others and leap to their rescue which I cast off come to see as a hindrance to my own development and of those I seek to help. This is a particularly meaning(a) area for me to speech as future management posts will require me to allow others to take their own personal responsibility and only offer guidance as appropriate. This rescuer style is schema-related and I fork up considered schema possibility and how this applies to me. Beck, (1967233), exposit a schema as..a cognitive structure for screening, coding, and evaluating the stimuli that impinge on the organism.In short, schemas are the filters or core beliefs we draw about ourselves or the world around us which influence how we interpret different situations in our lives.The natur e of the work I do in offender reclamation requires me to undertake regular de-briefing, supervision, yearly health reviews and bi-monthly counselling. This, unneurotic with schema theory and other therapy models I use with prisoners, which I pay off in addition utilize to myself, means I spend a lot of time creation introspective and sharing reflections with colleagues. This helps define practical steps for a palmy future but in any case enables me to gain wider perspectives in understanding, leading and managing others with a roll out of resources and situational analysis capabilities.Whereas, in the past and charge late, I have questioned the decision making processes of management, this has reshaped into a desire to gain a holistic all overview of the work environment. Understanding the way we think and manage ourselves and others has been an meaning(a) facet of my learning over the last three years. Straker (2008) who expands on the work of Gardner (2006) was r eformatory in appreciating that how we interact with people, at all levels, and is crucial for self development. Overcoming objections to understanding others, for fear that this might disprove our own theories about ourselves and the world are key hurdles of which I must continually be mindful. interdict experiences in this have resulted in an unhealthy view of the workplace but, as I said earlier, the benefits of a more engaging view have proved beneficial in my work and personal well being.As well as using Gibbs Reflective vibration (1998), Kolb (1984) also helped me to survey experiences and test hypotheses but I did not reign it took me to the point of action whereas Gibbs sets out the plan for ongoing development which is crucial for me so as not to remain procrastinating. Moon (2004) has been a useful resource on reflective practice, reminding me that reflection is not just important in itself, but must also lead to collateral change,In observing what gets in the way, ra ther than being stuck in analysis, to move beyond and set goals for positive development has been essential learning for me and has been a surprising benefit which I had not judge several years ago.Leadership Employability SkillsI recently completed an Employability Skills self mind exercise which we first undertook in the first semester of the Foundation Degree. On doing this, I compared the results from the ii. It was encouraging that one of my main developments appears to have been in problem solving and I consider my Higher Education studies over the last three years as contributing to my deeper analysing abilities. In light of earlier descriptions of my learning journey and reflective logs, it is gratifying to see that I have come a long way in, not only overcoming my own obstacles to learning, but making measured and signifi plundert achievement which then enables me to guide others in their roles.Among the key learning experiences for me, alongside the above, are a recogni tion of the roles of others, networks and effective communication.My career path has involved working closely with and pickings an interest in people, both clients and colleagues alike. This was particularly unembellished when I recently updated my Curriculum Vitae (Appendix IV), which was last compiled almost fifteen years ago. In developing my management skills throughout my degree studies, I have discover further ways of improving the effectiveness of these interactions which is immensely rewarding for me.Through networking with management and departments for resources on researching prison policy, security and management skills, I am now noteing positive and motivated to succeed in career development. Not only is this important from a practical, self-development perspective, but also the fulfilling genius of achievement this will bring.Until recently, I was Supervisor of the Core energize Offender Treatment Programme which was an important role in developing my leadership ski lls, promoting staff well-being as well as manoeuver staffs professional development. Another important aspect of this was to remain flexible in so far consistent in balancing these needs whilst focussing on the goals of the establishment Business Plan and Key Performance Target (KPT) priorities. This mirrors Handy (1987) who argues for such flexibility in his Trust Control guess.I find myself taking the opportunity to develop the skills of others very seriously and is personally rewarding and empowering. The value I attribute to this mirror those of Kandola and in force(p)erton (1994) in their Mosaic Vision which I have included in Appendix V.In Transactional compend Theory (Bern, 1961), any individuals personality is made up of three parts Parent, large(p) and Child. An assessment of my own revealed a predominantly Nurturing Parent relationship style which is immensely rewarding personally, but smoke prove emotionally wearying and is not without its practical problems. H owever, developing assertiveness skills in establishing my own personal identity and skills brutish has the benefit of overcoming any negative rumination and keeps lines of communication open.An example of achieving this was in challenging my line manager over my yearly feat review where I was rated Achieved and not Exceeded which I felt was deserved. I could have overlooked this and ruminated unhelpfull, believing him to be responsible for not recognising my achievements, but chose sort of to manage my manager and argued my case. I found the www.h2training.com website interesting which had useful strategies for reminding me how to keep abreast my own degree of self-determination. Quoting from this siteIts unreasonable to expect your manager to be entirely responsible for accelerating your career ultimately, its your own responsibility. concoct that an expectation is also resentment hold ining to happen, and it is very difficult to hide resentment.http//h2training.com/managin g_manager_tips.html accessed November 2010Suffice to say, my performance record was amended accordingly.I recently had to step sight from wind up Offender Treatment work which I found difficult to accept. I, therefore, reappraised my personal development and used reflective skills (Kolb, 1984 and Beck 1967) to help evaluate the experiences and to understand how I was interpreting them. By doing this, I was able to negotiate a role within the drugs last police squad after originally being offered an office based assessment position which I would have found unfulfilling. Indeed, on reflection, assertiveness and negotiation are two core management attributes which are now part of my skills set.Drawing together the range of experience and interests I have enjoyed over successive years keeps me, first and foremost, actively active in working for and alongside others. My role as a drugs support worker requires the key skills I possess with the realisation and expectation that they ca n be further developed with a particular emphasis on evaluating the management requirements of this work. This is encouraging and, in this period of change, I have come to realise the importance of subscriber line satisfaction as a key motivator for me.An important element of my professional life is to uphold personal and incarnate values of decency and ethical practice including cultural diversity. I was rejoicing to be able to highlight these values in my Diversity Foundation Degree project from January 2009 where I made recommendations for valuing the diversity of staff and prisoners and improving ethical practice in Programmes Awareness training at Full Sutton. This was well received by the treatment management team resulting in the training being strengthened in this area.On sharing the findings of my Transactional Analysis with a work colleague, my nurturing parent style was adjudge and confirmed through my perceived empathic nature. In looking at my management style, it i s important that I maintain a balance amongst this and being attentive not to go into White Knight schema-driven mode, where I need to defend others at all costs. Developing a style which cares for others yet enables them to subroutine on their own merits allows me to function better as a authentically caring person in my work and as a leader.Maslows hierarchy of Needs theory (1943), reminds me that my own needs count as well as those of other people. In other words, aimting other people first all the time is ruinous to my own well-being and valuing myself is, in itself, a key assertiveness skill. I continually remind myself of the announcements on aircraft during safety briefings where, in the nonethelesst of oxygen masks being deployed, you are instructed to put your own on first before aiding anyone else. If you dont, you might pass out beforehand and then no one is saved.Critically evaluating My Leadership and solicitude StyleSome years ago, a colleague of mine who has since retired, told me his thoughts on a particular Senior Manager. He used a phrase which, though meant in a derogatory sense, I have never forgotten. He said ..as a leader of men, I would only keep an eye on him out of curiosity.This colleague had spent many distinguished years in the Armed benefits as a Regimental Sergeant major(ip) and had been in the Prison Service for around 15 years. He had, therefore, some considerable experience of different management and leadership styles.Using established theory I continually analyse my own strengths and weaknesses in areas of leadership and management.Fayol (1916) highlighted five commons elements of management which are essential to the role. These include the ability to look to the future, to be organised and co-ordinate the organisational objectives, leading (though he define it as commanding which is unhelp in full autocratic) and, finally, to control the above elements using all means at his or her disposal.Whilst this was wri tten at the beginning of the last century, the basic tenets of management Fayol lists are still valid though ones own personality also engenders an effective hands which can achieve results. The last mentioned is personally important as I seek to have followers rather than delegates and makes me, as a manager, more of a leader.I recently completed the Myers Briggs Personality Type Questionnaire. Having done this a couple of years ago, I decided to redo this using an internet-based assessment resource (www.teamtechnology.co.uk) accessed 15 September 2010, which produced a comprehensive 200 page report. Summary in Appendix VIThe results proved very interesting and formed a cohesive assessment which sustain the beliefs about my personality and leadership attributes gained over the last few years. This was confirmed through the initial questionnaire together with a separate subtest which had similar outcomes and, interestingly, the results were very similar to my previous assessment two years previously.Essentially, I have a strong focus on values, feelings, compassion and important beliefs where current experiences hold great learning importance. team values are high and my role in ensuring the well-being of those with whom I work is important to me.thither are, however, elements of this personality type which I am aware can be problematic if not managed appropriately. I do have a tendency to avoid conflict yet can be stubborn where my own values come into conflict with corporate ideals in which I run the risk of failing in objectivity. These are negative traits which I have been consciously working on over the last few years and serve to remind me that, whilst having a evasion style, this does not preclude effective working on these to the benefit of all disturbanceed.Interestingly, the top two best matches of jobs for me based on enjoyment are actor and musician for match came out as counsellor and customer care and a combination of match and enjoyment ca me out as counsellor and actor. All of these I have both experience and interest in and the traits from these have indeed shaped my leadership style.The Humanist procession described by McGregor (1964) looked at how individual attitudes can affect behaviour. He purported that there are 2 types of leader (using an X and Y continuum ranging from a negative to positive view of subordinates respectively). The last mentioned, he showed, have a great chance of effective performance from the workforce through a nurturing onset which I can identify with. A reflective log from celestial latitude 2009 is included in Appendix VII. Again, as with most models, there is a typical style for each individual manager but even the most open and supportive one can revert on occasions to X-typical strategies and responses. This can be somewhat confusing and lacking in continuity for the workforce and, potentially unsettling as I will illustrate later in this essay.The model is similar to Tannenbaum and Schmidt (1958) who use the continuum from Authoritarian childbed Orientation to Democratic Relationship Orientation where I operate towards the latter and Goleman (2000) on which I identify with the Affiliative (people come first) stage.Operational leaders, as covered by Maxwell (2002) have great value to an organisation in providing stability, devising systems and solving problems with positive engagement. However, because of their focus on detail they can overlook the bigger picture, sometimes lack motivation and are not effective in dealing with conflict. Very often, paraphrasing Maxwell here, operational leaders are not very good at getting their work force dirty but readily raise the flag at the signification of achievement. Thankfully, whilst viewing myself as an operational leader, I do like to dispense in tasks as well as delegate.John Adair (2002) in his range of leadership treatises, (which, incidently, build on the previous models of Maslow (1943), Herzberg (1964) and Fayol (1916) highlights three key management responsibilities under his banner of Action Centred leadership.Achieving the taskManaging the team or conventionManaging individualsWhilst advocating a shared responsibility between the individual and external factors, it does not, however, take stock of the individual in the leadership role which I view as crucial.A similar but more complex model I have become interested in, is known as clump Resource Management (CRM) which was originally devised by NASA to explore the clement factors in civil aviation accidents in the 1970s. Several industries have adopted and satisfactory their own models accordingly and my interest will culminate in a dissertation for my Degree on the benefits of adopting a CRM approach to Prison Service critical incidents.Tasks or people? Workforce or Team ?It is unclouded that leadership is different to management though a good leader will have good management skills.In considering whether I recruit mysel f as leader to focus on task or allow the team to flourish utilising their own skills, I completed the T-P leadership questionnaire (Appendix VIII). This scored scarcely midway between the two, highlighting my awareness and flexibility to respond to both important aspects.How we respond to a leader gives some indication of our own skills and that of the one in the supervisory role. As one who aims to lead by inspiration, I am more inclined to follow Kolbs (1984) model of learning and encourage people to adapt concrete way of doing things to update their skills base and find more effective ways of working (feeling, watching, thinking, doing). An autocratic leader would be less inclined to allow such flexibility and try on to ensure compliance from those who might be more inclined to forgo and scream in and against the process.An effective leader should also take individual learning styles into account as no one method fits all. dearest and Mumfords Learning Style Inventory (1982) , highlights the differences that exist, as I have found even within small teams, yet we all work together and effectively, notwithstanding that everyones experience of being under the same leadership will be different.One of the most important sources of reflection in considering my own style of leadership, plus a reinforcement of my own beliefs and values, is represented in the Style Theory of Leadership developed by Blake and Mouton (1964). This, essentially, follows on from McGregors X-Y theory and is more relevant to those predominantly on the Y axis vertebra and where a level of trust in management structure exists in the workplace. However, Blake and Mouton explored the benefits of those that put tasks before people and vice versa. Ultimately they considered whether concern for people or concern for doing was more important for leaders.As with other models, the day to day style of individuals in leadership roles can vary but everyone has their own default mode. Where produc tivity appears more important than the maintenance and well-being of the staff, I can find myself at betting odds with the management and perceived ethos of the establishment at which I work.With the Blake Mouton model, I was relieved to have my default leadership style confirmed as Team Leader. This is indicative of high concern for both people and production where emphasis is placed on a spirit of teamwork and mutual co-operation. This also engenders a safe environment in which commitment from all sides is more readily forthcoming.However, in completing a recent practical assessment for a promotion board I failed to attain the required grade. I knew this as soon as the assessment was over, though I had to wait two months for the official result. In fact, I knew during the assessment, I was reacting totally perverted to my normal sense of priorities when faced with a constant stream of problems to solve. I found myself focussing principally on the tasks and not enough on the pers onnel. For example, when faced with a member of staff who was emotionally upset at a domestic issue, I asked if he was okay to continue to get his landing unlocked and would look to help him with his problem later. Afterwards I learnt that the assessors were looking for Utopian responses in all scenarios assuming all needs could be immediately provided so I could have put staff welfare first, getting his role covered immediately so he could then get home to sort his issues. However, I reverted to my current work role where the pressure to meet deadlines sometimes overrides well-being. As this was completely at odds with how I believed I would normally have reacted, I was left hand feeling ill at ease and questioned why I persisted in this way when I am naturally Y (using McGregors model, 1960) and more team focused than task orientated (Blake Mouton, 1964).Whilst I may not fully understand why, at least it is a recognised trait..theory X managers (or indeed theory Y managers displa ying theory X are primarily results orientedInternet source http//www.businessballs.com/mcgregor.htm October 2010On reflection, I am positive(p) that the culture and environment of the higher management structure (which demands and focuses on results and targets) filters down(a) and, no matter how oft one tries to resist or even kick against it, it permeates ones own work practice after a while. The clime in which I work consistently places emphasis on the clashing of Key Performance Targets (KPTs) and now, the Service Level Agreement (SLA). In meeting these as well as ever increasing budgetary constraints, every facet of work culture is placed under the microscope and, wherever possible, cut, yet the targets must be met regardless.However, no matter the circumstances in which we find ourselves or expectations laid at our office door, it is how we respond that is important and the bridal of our personal responsibility to be channelled into effective working.An important elemen t of relationships, at all levels including personal and business, is trust. Where one perceives this to be eroded or not present due to conflict in aims or values, it can have a destructive affect on effective co-working. As can be seen above, this is something I am struggling with in the corporate ethos where I am constantly second-guessing the motives rat management decision-making.However, to be an effective manager, I am mindful of maintaining a healthy approach to embracing the accusation of the workplace even though I may not fully understand or have access to the full rationale behind the decision making processes from Higher Management. As a leader, I have to convey to those I wish to work effectively under me, that this military commission is achievable and in the common interest despite my own such uncertainties. Maintaining personal integrity and establishing trust are essential in my personal, professional and leadership identity.Straker (2008208) talks of transactio n cost and trust boundaries. Essentially he argues that trust, if allowed to erode or not fostered within an organisation can doctor on delivery and there has to be a cost on both sides to re-establish this. As he says.. the overall cost can be minimised with up-front investment in, and subsequent maintenance of, trust.If one does not have that sense of belonging within the trust group then there is something wrong with the work relationship and part of effective management and leadership performance is to be pro-active in fostering trust and encouraging people to slip in the trust boundary.It begs the question, therefore, who and under what conditions will we follow? Should we be expected to lead and expect blind faith? What criteria and principles should be presented in order for others to set out on the journey with us ?Handy (1987) suggests that in order for an outcome to remain constant, the Trust-Control balance might need to shift between leader and subordinates and I can see merits in this as relationships, as well as work pressures, are fluid in nature.There are three established styles of leadership autocratic, paternalistic and democratic. History records happy leaders who have exhibited all of the above. Each style can work and produce results but demands a flexibility on the part of the workforce to fit in with the style and it is that response which can be acknowledged and worked with or not as the case may be,As for my own style, confirmed as a nurturing parental approach, this has immense benefits for myself and for those who work under me as they feel supported and, more importantly in my opinion, affirmed in their roles with their own skills base recognised and developed. As with any style there are costs and, as I am finding, where my own sense of values conflicts with the demands laid upon me, this can have a detrimental effect to my own sense of purpose within the organisation.It is important, therefore, that structures and lines of co mmunication are open which allow for that expression of view. However, this, in itself, is not without the potential cost. As I found when raising my head above the parapet on several occasions, to express concern and personal frustration with the direction expected by senior managers, it can blot ones copybook. Again, it is important for me to consider how much of this is down to my own personal perception and how able I am to see my subordinates perspective and, crucially, the aims and focus of the establishment delivery objectives.ConclusionIn terms of future roles, I am best placed to consider managerial positions. The Foundation Degree and BA(Hons) are regarded as valuable qualifications both for their content relevant to the Criminal Justice System and Leadership and Management but also symbolising the desire and commitment I have and have shown for continued self development (Appendix IX).In the final analysis, the human dynamic is the most beneficial resource in the workplac e but it is also the most fickle and, at times, fragile.To lead is a immunity and to follow is an opportunity. I can only strive to make myself quotable of the trust placed in me to, not only get the job done, but to enable others to be the very best they can be and, in the process, ensure I am followed out of respect and not coercion or, indeed, curiosity.Appendices I. Excerpt from Carnegie (1938)II. Study Skills Self AssessmentIII. Gibbs (1998) Reflective CycleIV. Curriculum VitaeV. Kandola and Fullerton (1994) Mosaic VisionVI. Myers Briggs Personality Type QuestionnaireVII. Reflective logarithm on McGregor X,Y TheoryVIII. T-P Leadership QuestionnaireIX. Professional Development PlanAppendix IExcerpts from How To Win Friends and Influence state Carnegie (1938)Fundamental Techniques in handling raceDont criticize, condemn, or complain.Give honest and sincere appreciation.Arouse in the other person an eager want.Six Ways to Make People Like YouBecome genuinely interested in oth er people.Smile.Remember that a mans Name is to him the sweetest and most important sound in any language.Be a good listener. Encourage others to talk about themselves. dress down in the terms of the other mans interest.Make the other person feel important and do it sincerelyTwelve Ways to Win People to Your Way of ThinkingAvoid arguments.Show respect for the other persons opinions. never tell someone they are wrong.If youre wrong, admit it quickly and emphatically.Begin in a friendly way.Start with questions the other person will answer yes to.Let the other person do the talking.Let the other person feel the idea is his/hers.Try honestly to see things from the other persons point of view.Sympathize with the other person.Appeal to noble motives.Dramatize your ideas.Throw down a challenge.Be a Leader How to Change People Without grownup Offense or Arousing ResentmentBegin with praise and honest appreciation. song attention to other peoples mistakes indirectly.Talk about your own mi stakes first.Ask questions kind of of directly giving orders.Let the other person save face. congratulations every improvement.Give them a fine reputation to live up to.Encourage them by making their faults seem easy to correct.Make the other person happy about doing what you suggest.Appendix II.Study Skills Self AssessmentAppendix III.Gibbs (1998) Reflective CycleAppendix IV.Curriculum VitaeAppendix VMy Personal and Pr

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