Thursday, March 28, 2019
The Conflict Between Individual And State And The Grammatical Fiction :: essays research papers
The Conflict Between the unmarried and the State and the Grammatical Fiction in shadow At noontide "The Party denied the free will of an individual-and at the same time exacted his automatic self-sacrifice." The obvious contradiction of the above definition of the commie break outy is depicts the battle amongst the individual and the State in Arthur Koestlers novel Darkness at Noon. Koestlers protagonist Nicolas Salamanovich Rubashov, devout communistic and former loss leader of the Communist party, falls victim to his receive system during the time of the capital of the Russian Federation trials. Accused and imprisoned for crimes he did not commit, Rubashov is forced to choose between the ideology he has faithfully followed for the past forty years of his life, or a new found sense of self, which he calls the "grammatical manufacturing".During the beginning of Rubashovs solitary incarceration, he begins to doubt the infallibility of the Communist regime, and for a time, views himself independent from the Party. Rubashovs pulling away from Communism is evident in his conversation with the examining magistrate, Ivanov, during his first hearing. Rubashov addresses Ivanovs collective viewpoint with the developing views of his own"Your argument is somewhat anachronistic," said Rubashov. "As you quite rightly remarked, we were given over always to use the plural we and to avoid as far as possible the first person singular. I have rather lost the habit of this form of row you stick to it. But who is this we in whose figure of speech you speak to-day? It needs re-defining. That is the point."Apart from the Party, Rubashov no longer functions as part of the Communist unit, but rather as an individual. Within communist teaching the individual is only a piece of a larger system, and for the authentic communist the pronoun I is not even part of his or her vocabulary. Rather, the in the flesh(predicate) I is replaced by we , which represents the Party. The significance of Rubashovs statement is that even his speech patterns, a physical manifestation of ones subconscious, display his self-detachment from the Communist Party in that he has lost his ability to associate with the communist We. Over and over Rubashov is tormented by the idea "I shall cover", an unrest due to his uncertainty about the foundation of Communism he has placed himself on. Shortly after his first hearing he writes in his diary "The fact is I no longer believe in my infallibility. That is why I am lost.